All you really need for shelter is a large tarp. It’s real simple. Lay the tarp out on the ground, prop up a stick in the center of one side to create an opening and head space and place rocks/firewood around the edges of the other three sides to hold it down.
Once your tarp is in place, you can work from the inside to lessen the amount of any water that may be entering at ground level.
Never place your tarp in a rain wash.
You can use your tarp to cover a pickup bed if one is available.
Fire retardant tarps are best.
Waterproof tarps are necessary.
You can line the ground with pine needles for a little comfort, so long as you keep them away from your fire. Pine needles contain turpentine and are
You can create a small fire near the entrance of the tarp that will help to keep you warm. The smoke from the fire will also help to mask your sent
from animals. This is important, because it is always nice when dinner walks itself into your camp area. Remember, animals do not fear the smell of
smoke. Smoke is a natural smell in the forest, and they will not run from a whiff of smoke smell like they will from your BO.
Stack wood around the sides of the fire that are not facing the tarp. The wood will help to deflect the heat back to the tarp. It will help protect
against wind gusts blowing embers into the tarp. If you can, use wet or live wood as the heat from the fire will help dry it out.