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Extreme Drug Resistant or XDR TB is a frightening mutation, just as contagious as other strains of TB but virtually untreatable.
20 September, 2006 - Six miners from the Free State Goldfields have been diagnosed with extreme drug resistant tuberculosis (TB).
Since January of last year 270 patients have been diagnosed with multiple drug resistant TB at this hospital alone. Of those, 83 percent have died and that included 63 patients with the extreme form. Only three of those are alive today.
TB is an airborne disease so it is spread through exposure to a person who is actively sick. Such a patient would usually be coughing, and exposure needs prolonged contact.
We have found it in hospitals on the border of Mozambique, down on the border with the Eastern Cape and all over. So we know that it is there, but we don't know how many there are.