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A 50-year-old man is thought to have died from the first case of anthrax in Scotland for 20 years.
Source: First anthrax death in 50 years
The man who lived in the Scottish Borders, died in July but subsequent investigations have shown the cause of death was the deadly disease.
NHS Borders said his home in Hawick had been sealed off and an incident control team set up.
The victim worked with materials such as untreated animal hides. He died on 8 July in Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
After a series of tests at laboratories in England, experts identified anthrax as the most likely cause for septicaemia.
Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
Source: Anthrax death
Originally posted by Grailkeeper
I have to wonder why there aren't more reported cases throughout the world.
How is anthrax transmitted?
Natural anthrax infection can occur in three forms: cutaneous, inhalation, and gastrointestinal. Infection with anthrax almost always involves the transmission of anthrax spores.
Cutaneous anthrax is the most common naturally occurring form of anthrax infection. Humans can become infected with anthrax by handling products from infected animals containing anthrax spores. These spores are introduced into the body under the skin through a cut or abrasion. Low level germination of the spores into vegetative bacteria then occurs at the primary site leading to swelling and tissue death at the point of entry.
Gastrointestinal anthrax occurs following swallowing of anthrax spores. These spores enter via some break in the surface lining of the gastrointestinal tract (eg. small intestine). However, it is still not known where germination of spores into active bacteria occurs.
Inhalational anthrax occurs when anthrax spores are breathed into the lungs. These spores may come from contaminated animal products or from a deliberate release into the environment. Immune system cells present in the lungs carry spores into the closest lymph nodes, such as the mediastinal lymph nodes, where germinated bacteria will continue to multiply.