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These theories range from the comparatively conservative theories of modern
archaeologists to Erik von Daniken's original, but highly controversial, proposal that the lines of Nazca were landing strips for ancient visitors from outer space while the geoglyphs served as signals to these space alien 'gods'. Ironically, but perhaps not surprisingly, it is this latter 'hypothesis' that was in fact quite instrumental in bringing the existence of the mysterious Nazca Lines to widespread public attention.
One theorist even proposed that the Nazca Indians were able to construct primitive hot air balloons from which they could observe the lines and animal figures. This theorist actually succeeded in building and launching a hot air balloon, Condor I, which was constructed from basic materials that are believed to have been available to the ancient Nazca Indians. Even if this theory is not just a lot of 'hot air' it does not in any way decipher the meaning and significance of the massive lines and figures, nor does it provide any reason as to why they were constructed in the first place.
It is a well established fact that many ancient cultures, no doubt including the ancient Nazca culture of Peru, believed that the sun and moon were sky dwelling gods. The Inca civilization of Peru that superseded the Nazca culture most certainly held this belief. A variation of this almost universal ancient religious belief was that the sun and/or moon were the sky traversing eyes of an otherwise quite invisible Supreme Being.
It is a readily verifiable fact that the total
solar eclipse bears an uncanny similarity to an "eye in the sky." The so-called "hole in the sky" formed by the black disc of the moon mimics the pupil of the eye while the myriad rays and filament like streamers of the sun's corona distinctly resemble the iris of an eye. This has been metaphorically referred to as the "Eye of God" by modern astronomers.
Maria Reiche, who has made the study of the Nazca lines her life work, discovered that some of the more prominent straight lines, particularly some of those forming the sides of elongated triangles and quadrangles, are aligned with solar and lunar rising and setting positions.