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Originally posted by Figher Master FIN
Have you seen the mini-serie "From The Earth To The Moon"...??
Originally posted by Knights
In an earlier thread I mentioned the deaths of the astronauts in Apollo 1, on researching, I realised NASA's involvement in the deaths of the three astronauts Grissom, White, and Chaffee. I think these astronauts may have known something else which would put their lives at risk. Afew 'interesting' facts regarding Apollo1:
Originally posted by jra
Was the fire preventable? I defiantely was. Was it on purpose? Not at all. They had been using pure oxygen on the Gemini and Mercury capsules and I guess some of the people at NASA felt no need to change that.
If there was some kind of conspiracy and If Grissom knew about it. Then why would he bother to continue in the program and not speak out? Why would be get on Apollo 1? And if NASA was wanting to prevent him from spilling the beans on there space program. Why would NASA then blow up there very expensive rocket, and put a huge risk on the program, get some very bad PR and set themselves back a bit, all on purpose? It seems way too extreme and makes no logical sense. There are easier and cheaper ways to kill some one.
"Even before Apollo I, Grissom had received death threats which his family believed emanated from within the space program.
The threats were serious enough that he was put under Secret Service protection and had been moved from his home to a secure safe house.
According to his wife, Grissom had warned her that "if there is ever a serious accident in the space program, it's likely to be me."
The Board noted that the underlying design approach in Apollo was to control the known risk of fire--on the pad or in orbit--by isolating and rendering safe all possible ignition sources. The experience in flight and in tests prior to the accident had suggested that the probability of a spacecraft fire was low. Continued alertness to the possibility of fire had become dulled by previous ground experience and six years of successful manned missions. Ground tests at the pad were classified as especially hazardous only when propellants or pyrotechnics were involved, and different procedures and safety precautions are taken in handling or working under such conditions. Potential ignition sources inside the spacecraft had been treated so as to be considered safe; neither the crews nor the test and development personnel felt the risk of spacecraft fire to be high.
Tests of the combustible materials used in the spacecraft show that at least a 400 degree F temperature would be necessary for spontaneous combustion, and that no such materials could have been subjected to that temperature except by the malfuntions of some other part of the spacecraft systems. An electrical malfunction is therefore regarded as the most likely source of ignition. While not wholly ruled out, electro-static discharge is deemed unlikely in that all reasonable concentrations of flammable vapors that could have been present in the spacecraft were not sensitive to this type of sparking ignition.
By the time it has completed its final report, the Board expects to have significantly narrowed the list of ignition sources that had a relatively high possibility of contributing to the initiation of the fire, but the possibility exists that no single source will ever be pinpointed.
Grissom said he recently was granted access to the charred capsule and discovered a "fabricated" metal plate located behind a control panel switch. The switch controlled the capsules' electrical power source from an outside source to the ship's batteries. Grissom argues that the placement of the metal plate was an act of sabotage. When the one of the astronauts toggled the switch to transfer power to the ship's batteries, a spark was created igniting a fireball.
Clark Mac Donald, a McDonnell-Douglas engineer hired by NASA to investigate the fire, offered corroborating evidence. Breaking more than three decades of silence, Mac Donald alleges that he determined an electrical short caused by the change over to battery power had caused the fire.
He says that NASA destroyed his report and interview tapes in an effort to stem public criticism of the space program.
"I have agonized for 31 years about revealing the truth but I didn't want to hurt NASA's image or cause trouble," Mac Donald told the paper. "But I can't let one more day go by without the truth being known."