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Thread for learning English

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posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 02:04 AM
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When I was young, my parents were poor, so they have no money to sent me go to college. All little knowledge I known is just learned by myself. Now English is an international language for every aspects. But my English is really poor, so need your help.

Recently, I read a book called Human Resources Management. There is a special word is Line Manager. Also I found the Line could be collocated with authority or other words that means someone who are manager or whose job like that. But I was confused what does the Line- mean here?

The 2nd quesion is about INCENTIVE.
I know the INCENTIVE is a noun. which means the activities someone encourage others to do something. But the Incentive spelled postfix "tive" looks like an adjective. The INCENTIVE feel like more stronger than encouragement, but there is verb ENCOURAGE and a adjective ENCOURAGED correspond to Encouragement, whereas I found no verb or adjective correspond to INCENTIVE by dictionary. Why? If there is, would you teach me?

This thread just for me to learn English, everyone here, if you know what does the words I typed mean, please tell me.
If you are Mod, please don't remove this thread to other place, thank you so much. I will ask more question here.

[edit on 9-4-2006 by emile]




posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 02:32 AM
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I can't sleep, so I will try and help.

Incentive: An incentive is a thing that someone is given to make them want to work harder. Could be money, time off, the fear of being fired or recognition. An incentive is a motivational tool. There is no corresponding verb but incentive can be used as an adjective. For example: an incentive bonus.

As for line manager, that's a little tougher. In most cases it comes from front-line.



Main Entry: front line
Function: noun
1 a : a military line formed by the most advanced tactical combat units; also : FRONT 2a(2) b : an area of potential or actual conflict or struggle
2 : the most advanced, responsible, or visible position in a field or activity

www.m-w.com...

I hope this makes a little bit of sense.



posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 02:44 AM
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Originally posted by emile

Recently, I read a book called Human Resources Management. There is a special word is Line Manager. Also I found the Line could be collocated with authority or other words that means someone who are manager or whose job like that. But I was confused what does the Line- mean here?


Emile here in England we use the term Line Manager to mean:

In the place where you work your Line Manager is the person who is directly incharge of you.

ie in the company where you work there may be many people who are senior to you but your
line manager is the person who is in charge of the work that you do.

Hope that makes some sense to you.



JM



posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 04:17 AM
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Duzey, Jamesmickael:
Thanks, thanks a lot!
Yes, I know so many able man here that I can learn what I couldn't learn from book and dictionary. All English I want to learn is a sterling English and you help alot, I hope you will help me soon!



posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 10:22 AM
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I just wanted to say that your English is not bad at all. Keep up the good work.



posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 11:18 AM
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I also wanted to say that your English sounds very good to me.
And I commend you for wanting to learn more.


My thoughts:
Incentive is indeed stronger than encouragement. Encouragement is usually made with words, like, "You can do it"! Encourage means to give courage or strength.

Incentive implies the promise of a reward, either material or not. In other words, many companies have stock incentives. If you stay with them long enough, they give you something, in this case, stock in the company. People work hard at their marriage, the incentive being a long, wonderful relationship. It's the thought of something you get for your labor or time or energy.

Incentive comes from Incite. To stir up or cause action. Incite could be used as the verb, depending on the context. But Incite usually is stronger than incentive. As in "Incite a riot".

English can be difficult in that the rules about the language aren't always consistent. Not all words have a verb form.

The Mirriam Webster on-line dictionary is your friend.

www.m-w.com...

I'll be checking in on this thread.



posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 11:47 AM
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You're welcome.


Your English is already very good and it's really impressive that you have taught yourself. English is a hard language to learn.

We're here to help you.




posted on Apr, 9 2006 @ 12:10 PM
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Your English is very good as it is, do you happen to have any Instant Messengers? Perhaps I could help you with your English on MSN or something. I have AIM and MSN IM.



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 11:00 AM
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Thanks for your so many encouragements.
Today I read an article of introducing Los Angeles.
There is a sentence " In fact Los Angeles itself is incredibly divers cultrually, even by American standards" typed in this article.
Now, I was confused what does the "Cultrually" emblish? Maybe there is type wrong so that Cultrually should be Culture? If it is Cultrue then we also lose a "an" in front of incredibly I think, whereas two mistakes are few showed in one sentence. So would you tell me what the grammar in this sentence is? :puzz:

[edit on 10-4-2006 by emile]



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 11:26 AM
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Culturally would mean 'in regards to culture'.

The sentence is grammatically correct, in that there are many seperate cultures represented in Los Angeles.

An incredibly diverse culture would imply that there is one culture, made up of many things.



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 11:30 AM
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Two things:


#1 Line Manager often refers to a manager of a production line. This term however can mean just about anything though.

#2 My wife is Chinese, and sometimes I wish she spoke no English at all!!!



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 11:39 AM
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Los Angeles itself is incredibly diverse cultrually, even by American standards


The sentence is correct. The word "culturally" is an adverb, modifying the verb "is".

Culturally is the adverb form of cultural.

There are several ways to say this sentence:
Los Angeles is incredibly diverse (in a cultural sense)
Los Angeles is incredibly diverse, culturally.
Los Angeles is culturally incredibly diverse
Los angeles is an incredibly diverse culture. (as you stated)

Another example of this form of word would be:

My sister is strong, athletically.
OR
My sister is a strong athlete.

Does that make sense?

Many words (thought not all) with "ly" on the end are adverbs.

[edit on 10-4-2006 by Benevolent Heretic]



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 08:07 PM
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So, there should be a comma between "Diverse" and "Cultrually"? In the paper there is no comma so I got confusion. Then I got clear by your explain. Most of time I can understand what does that mean, even I don't understand its grammar.
If someone read this sentence, I would understand at once. The English I used always no grammar, I feel. :p:

[edit on 10-4-2006 by emile]



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 08:26 PM
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I would put a comma in there, but I'm not sure which is correct.

I can tell English isn't your first language, but I can understand what you are saying and that's the important thing. You would probably have to take an English course and get into sentence structure to learn to speak like a native English speaker.


Actually, in the last example, I was mistaken. The adverb "culturally" modifies the word "diverse", not "is". Just to clarify that.



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 08:37 PM
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This is where there may be some dissent among the English teachers.


As BH has pointed out, the adverb 'cuturally' is modifying the adjective 'diverse'. There is no comma between an adverb and the adjective it is modifying.


Edited to fix grammar!




[edit on 10-4-2006 by Duzey]



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 08:51 PM
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I yield to you, Duzey, if you're an English teacher.


So, the original sentence was correct, then. I often get accused of using too many commas. I just like to be clear.
I'm a control freak!



posted on Apr, 10 2006 @ 09:11 PM
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I'm not an English teacher but it plays a huge part in my work. I write boring things for 4 hours a day. But I like writing boring things, so it's all good.


I use more commas than necessary here, too. Like you said, it helps with clarity. People insert a mental pause when they see a comma, so sometimes it helps get the point across better. We try and write how we would express ourselves if we were speaking, instead of typing messages.


Fixing more grammatical errors. :shk:

[edit on 10-4-2006 by Duzey]



posted on Apr, 12 2006 @ 04:16 AM
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Ok, I see what is correct meaning.
Thanks to god you guys can understand my poor English because which is open language for most of people who live this earth to learn I thought.
Why I want to raise this thread? because I want to post in political board that need more accurate words I have to use. So I want to improve my English in short time also I know that is impossible.
As I hope to go political board, I got a question.
What is different using way between Global, International and world?
I have ever said "International news" but someone corrected me to global news, whereas I saw World News in somewhere else. I really want to know what is a correct way you guys used?



posted on Apr, 12 2006 @ 02:43 PM
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I think Global and World are the same thing. Global News is news around the world.

International means between nations. It can be between 2 nations or many nations, OR it can mean beyond our nation. For the most part, I think they ALL can be used interchangeably.

For this kind of information, Mirriam Webster really can help.

The help you need though is grammatical, I think. Sentence structure and so on. And that's not something that can be learned quickly. We learn it in school over a period of a couple years.



posted on Apr, 12 2006 @ 03:18 PM
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I've found that if you use the words "dude" and/or "freakin'" at least one time in an English speaking conversation you can trick people into thinking you're fluent.

I wouldn't recommend that for a job interview though.

Peace


[edit on 12-4-2006 by Dr Love]



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