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Prior to the patriation of the Canadian Constitution in 1982, the Canadian Constitution consisted of a number of British statutes. Most important was the British North America Act, 1867 and its various amendments.
The "Implied Bill of Rights"
Serious questions about civil liberties arose again in the 1930's when Alberta legislation interfered with press freedoms. This legislation attracted the condemnation of the court in Reference Re Alberta Statutes,  S.C.R. 100. The legacy of this case was an important line of jurisprudence which the constitutional writers later called the "implied bill of rights". The most important cases are Reference Re Alberta Statutes, supra, Switzman v. Elbling,  S.C.R. 285 and Saumur v. The City of Quebec,  2 S.C.R. 299.
The impact of these cases, particularly an obiter statement of Cannon J. in the Alberta Press case, suggested that there are certain civil liberties implicit in Canada's Constitution - a package of freedoms somewhat similar to that of the later Canadian Bill of Rights and the Canadian Charter of Rights of Freedoms.
The Canadian Bill of Rights
The Canadian Bill of Rights is a federal statute enacted in 1960.
Patriation of the Constitution and the Charter
The Canadian Bill of Rights having been enacted in 1960, the courts had some twenty years of experience with it (before the proclamation of the Charter of Rights).
From: Canada's Constitution prior to 1982
Originally posted by flukemol
no canada does not need a constitution to exsit.its is belonged to b.n.a act and we are a owned by the queen as a common wealth country.the government of canada is delegated to run the country but we still have old laws to protect us from outside interests.good old history and laws are out there look them up.......
Originally posted by Gools
In 1982 the Constitution was re-patriated to Canada with the enactment of the Constitution Act. This Act included the Charter of Rights and Freedoms (link) to augment/replace the Bill of Rights.
"Who enjoys Charter rights?
Generally speaking, any person in Canada, whether a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident or a newcomer, has the rights and freedoms contained in the Charter."
"The purpose of this section is to make it clear that the Charter only applies to governments, and not to private individuals, businesses or other organizations."
Originally posted by Gools
Since Canada never had a revolution and a clean break with the British Crown our legal status was not conclusively determined until 1982 with patriation of the Constitution and the Charter.
"A Federal Union in Canada can be created only by completely independent and autonomous provinces, which section 7 (2) provides for." link
7. "(2) The provisions of section two of this Act shall extend to laws made by any of the Provinces of Canada and to the powers of the legislatures of such Provinces."
The Executive Government and Authority of and over Canada is hereby declared to continue and be vested in the Queen.
Under the operational provision, the Government of Canada is vested in Her Majesty the Queen. Section 2 only "defined" who the Queen was; this was superfluous and so it was repealed in 1893 so that the definition would not have to be continually modified whenever changes occurred in the Empire - since the original text read "Kings and Queens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland."
And section 41 of the Constitution Act, 1982 stipulates that any constitutional
amendment in relation to the office of the Queen requires unanimity.
General Inquiries / Demandes de renseignements généraux
Privy Council Office / Bureau du Conseil privé
2. The provisions of this Act referring to Her Majesty the Queen
(Victoria) extend also to the heirs and successors of Her majesty, Kings and
Queens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.