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The Shura Majlis serves as the board of directors for al-Qaeda, with bin Laden assuming the position of the chief executive officer. While it existed in rudimentary form prior to the creation of the International Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders in 1998, the structure underwent a dramatic change during the summer of 2001 when both Gamaa al-Islamiyyah and the Egyptian Islamic Jihad formally merged with al-Qaeda’s command structure and their leaderships were integrated into the former organization. Location is listed if known.