Before going too much further, I'd like to provide a link to the efforts of another researcher, Jim Allen. Through this site, you will also find a
link to the translated Critias text, so that you can see for yourself.
Many often use the claim that Plato was trying to simply tell a moralistic story. However, there are at least three instances, in which he states it
is a fact.
"Then listen, Socrates, to a tale which, though strange, is certainly true
"And what is this ancient famous action of the Athenians, which Critias declared, on the authority of Solon, to be not a mere legend, but an
"And what other, Critias, can we find that will be better than this, which is natural and suitable to the festival of the goddess, and has the very
great advantage of being a fact and not a fiction
?" - all from the Dialogue of Critias.
Now that we have moved past some of the misunderstandings, and seen that indeed, Plato is writing of an actual event in ancient history, let us
proceed with defining the location, and thus existence, of Atlantis itself. I have already started to explain some reasons and support for Atlantis
(the continent) being South America. I will now further elaborate.
Though there are many translations of Plato's text, here are some to first establish that the continent of Atlantis, is indeed, in the Atlantic
Ocean, as opposed to various other theories floating about.
1 For these histories tell of a mighty power which unprovoked made an expedition against the whole of Europe and Asia, This power came forth out of
the Atlantic Ocean, Jowett
2 For it is related in our records how once upon a time your state stayed the course of a mighty host, which, starting from a distant point in the
Atlantic ocean, Bury
3 Our records tell how your city checked a great power which arrogantly advanced from its base in the Atlantic ocean Lee
"Atlantis was located in the Atlantic Ocean. It is pointless to try and relocate Atlantis to within the Straits or move the Straits to inside the
Mediterranean, because the text clearly says Atlantis was a continent in the Atlantic Ocean."
from: 50 point comparison of Critias text and the Altiplano, translations by Jowett, Bury (1929) and Lee (1971)
Next we will look closer at the descriptions of Atlantis. A quote from researcher Jim Allen, paraphrasing some of the passages in the Critias
"Platoís description exactly fits South America because he describes a level rectangular-shaped plain which he said lay in the centre of the
continent, next to the sea and midway along the longest side of the continent.. He also described the capital city of Atlantis which was built on a
small volcanic island and also called Atlantis. The city lay on the level rectangular plain, five miles from the sea and according to Plato the whole
region was high above the level of the Ocean sea, rising sheer out of the ocean sea to a great height on that side of the continent. Thus we have both
a lost city of Atlantis as well as a lost continent of Atlantis."
This will become even more apparent during my next reply, upon seeing the picture showing the location of this plain. Another key point in all of
this is the specific measurements that Plato gives for various features of the capital, as well as the plain it resided upon. These measurements
correspond to matching features of the Altiplano of Bolivia.
There are still more details that also match the Critias text. For example:
"The stone which was used in
the work they quarried from underneath the centre island, and from underneath the zones, on the outer as well as the inner side. One kind was white,
another black, and a third red, and as they quarried, they at the same time hollowed out double docks, having roofs formed out of the native
Such remnants of these walls are found in the Altiplano region, as well as in neighboring ruins of structures. This white, red, and black brick
combination can be seen in these wall remnants, and even in the structures used by neighboring villagers to this day! Another tell-tale sign lies in
Plato's description of their use of orichalcum...a yellowish metal found mostly in the Andes.
Next, I will show you this region, and go into more detail of how it matches Plato's account.