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The Effect of Continuous Exposure to Low Frequency Electric Fields on Three Generations of Mice: A Pilot Study. A.A. Marino, R.O. Becker and B. Ullrich. Experientia 32: 565, 1976.
Mice were allowed to mate, gestate, deliver and rear their offspring for 3 successive generations while being continuously exposed to 60 Hz electric fields. Mice exposed to vertical electric fields exhibited decreased body weights at 35 days postpartum and increased mortality rates for 3 successive generations. Mice exposed to horizontal electric fields exhibited decreased body weights for 2 successive generations.
Evaluation of Electrochemical Information Transfer System I. Effect of Electric Fields on Living Organisms. A.A. Marino, T.J. Berger, B.P. Austin, & R.O. Becker.
J. Electrochem. Soc. 123: 1199-1200, 1976.
The concepts of electrochemical information transfer occurring at membrane interfaces in biological systems (1,2) imply that exposure of living organisms or cells to electromagnetic fields will produce nonthermal effects. In view of the widespread alteration of the electrical environment produced by electrical power transmission facilities, the question of a resultant biological effect becomes significant. A preliminary study involving chronic exposure of rats to 60 Hz, 150 V/cm, electric fields is reported herein. Our object was to determine whether such exposure would; (i) act as a body stressor, i.e. , direct grandular (cell) effect, (ii) affect the blood proteins, i.e., the cells which produce them, (iii) affect the growth rate of immature animals. To these ends we measured the concentration of serum corticoids, the relative distribution of serum proteins, and body weight.
Anthropogenic EMF effects on the condition and function of natural ecosystems Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2003 Sep-Oct;43(5):544-51. Grigor'ev OA, Bicheldei EP, Merkulo v AV. Center for Electromagnetic Safety, Moscow, 123182 Russia.
A review of Russian and foreign studies of EMF effects on living environment was made. Vast range of EMF frequencies and intensities affect on functions and condition of ecosystems. Even non-thermal EMF levels could cause reversible changes in physiological process regulation. Some changes were observed in animal behavior such as motive activity, spatial orientation, reduction of ability to form a conditioned response. Some animal species (some insects, birds, reptiles) use electromagnetic fields for spatial orientation during migration. Biological communities are very sensitive to EMF effects and could become the biological indicators of electromagnetic pollution.
Originally posted by American Mad Man
Well Waynos, it's nice to see the UK contributing something for once...
Originally posted by NWguy83
I don't get it. Is this supposed to be a High Powered Microwave (HPM) weapon or what?
Maybe a directed EMP?