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1. Insure the prevention of strategic, tactical or technological surprise from any source.
2. Provide intelligence required for command decisions and counsel upon air preparedness and air operations.
3. Insure appropriate counter-intelligence measures.
Air technical Intelligence operations in the Pacific actually preceded those in Europe. As the war progressed they received the full support of General MacArthur, who furnished the ATI personnel with personally signed letters authorizing them to "Take complete charge of all enemy crashed or captured aircraft or personnel as early as possible after the crash."
The letters ordered armed forces in the area to provide necessary transportation and assistance to ATI personnel without further authorization from any headquarters.
Early in 1942, a "Materiel Section" for air technical intelligence analysis purposes was established at Melbourne, Australia. Captain Frank T. McCoy and TSgt Francis Williams (the latter now with FTD) were responsible for its organization.
Pacific air technical Intelligence solved many problems. One was the difficulty encountered in communications when identifying Japanese aircraft. Captain McCoy and TSgt Williams began assigning code names such as Frank, Betty, Francis, Zeke, and Nate - feminine names for bombers and masculine names for fighters and observation planes. These were derivatives of their own names and those of personal friends - Frank (Captain McCoy), Francis (TSgt Williams), Ray (Captain Ray W. McDuffey, formerly with ATIC), Nell (Mrs. McDuffey), etc. The procedure of assigning proper names as code names was officially adopted, and is still being used to identify Soviet aircraft.
In October 1944, a Technical Air Intelligence Unit (TAIU) was formed and attached to the Far East Air Forces. Frank McCoy, by then a Lt Colonel, was designated Officer-in-Charge. Under his direction, TAIU took possession and control of all captured Japanese aircraft and equipment in the Pacific Theater.
Colonel McCoy was selected to head the Air Document Research Center in London. In December 1945, this operation was transferred to T-2, Wright Field.
If the USAF version is correct, where is the bunch of disinfo and nonsense?
July 1947 - T-2 opens an office to Study UFOs.
Originally posted by Gazrok
" July 1947 - T-2 Opens an Office to Study UFOs." ( Wright Field, Ohio )
Hmm...interesting timing, don't you think, if after all, all that crashed at Roswell was a Mogul balloon.... Coincidence? I seriously doubt it....
Originally posted by lost_shaman
even though I quote it straight from an Air Force endorsed History summary.
Air Force endorsed - Air Technical Intelligence History Link - see T-2 UFO Office reference.
[edit on 7-1-2006 by lost_shaman]
MAJOR GENERAL HAROLD E. WATSON: INTELLIGENCE PIONEER, AIR FORCE WARRIOR
During the late 1940s, the Army began testing captured, German V-2 missiles at White Sands, New Mexico. The question was asked of General Watson, "What's the Army doing at White Sands?" Since the question came from a high level, he decided to find out. To gather the information, General Watson decided to see what information could be obtained using electronic surveillance. After getting his plan approved by J. Edgar Hoover, the Federal Bureau of Investigation director, and General Nathan Twining, the Air Force Chief of Staff, General Watson put a crew in a hotel in Alamogordo, New Mexico, near the White Sands missile range to spy on the Army. This was the start of electronics intelligence (ELINT) as a concerted effort in the Air Force.
Another notable ATIC project during Watson's second tour was the continuing study of unidentified flying object (UFO) sightings. Perhaps of greatest note, the center published Blue Book Special Report Number 14 in May 1955. This document reported on a computerized study of the nearly 4,000 UFO sighting reports received by ATIC. Battelle did the computer analysis and prepared the report which consisted, mostly, of statistical tables. The study concluded that there was no evidence that extraterrestrial craft had visited the earth and that with better information all of the sightings could be explained. Special Report 14, however, also included summaries of the best of the unexplained reports that had been received. In the three months following the 4 October 1957 Sputnik I launch, the center received 701 UFO sighting reports.
The UFO study commemorated its tenth anniversary in 1957 with an extensive USAF publicity campaign. ATIC also worked with the Armstrong Circle Theater to produce the television show, "Enigma of the Skies." Captain George Gregory, head of Project Blue Book from 1956-1958, produced the basic script for the one-hour program.
What TID/ATIC also needed, General Watson believed, was a "gold mine" in technology. Accordingly, in 1950 he contacted Dr Clyde Williams at the Battelle Corporation (now, Battelle Memorial Laboratories) in Columbus, Ohio, to see if they would be willing to work under contract for ATIC. The ATIC commander told Dr Williams that he needed technological and scientific information and asked if Battelle had any Russians in the work force. General Watson also needed to know whether there was a place within the corporation that could be turned into a secure compartment. General Watson asked the Secretary of the Air Force for Air, Harold Talbot, for $20 million for a contract with Battelle to provide technical and scientific data on the Russians. This was the start of Project Stork, later called White Stork and Have Stork.
Battelle, one of the foremost metallurgical institutes in the nation, had people who spoke Russian and Russian documents; they also found some documents at Ohio State University. Gus Simpson from ATIC ran the group at Battelle. Some folks at ATIC were offended that the work went to a private contractor, but Watson just did not have the people to do the work and did not have Russian linguists. Battelle helped ATIC evaluate the MiG-15 components brought to the United States in 1951.
1947 Jan. 23 - First auto pilot system used on a rocket
March 7 - Naval Research Lab team led by John Mengel puts camera onboard V-2 that achieved 100-mile altitude and brings back first "space" photos of earth
March 16 - GAPA (toothpick maker) missile launched at Holloman
May 22 - First Corporal "E" flight from LC33
May 29 - Missile 0 of Hermes series crashes outside Juarez
June 4 - First balloon launch from Holloman AFB
July 2 - Secret Air Force balloon crashes near Roswell, N.M. -- mistaken for UFO
Nov. 24 - First of Navy's Aerobee rockets launched -- reaches 34.7 miles altitude