posted on Sep, 13 2005 @ 04:18 PM
analysis of acheological evidance of a Roman Crucifixion
Romans used tapered square spikes about five and a half inches long and about a third of an inch across the top. The spikes were driven through the
wrist at the heel of the hand. At the time the wrist was actaully concidered to be part of the hand, so the need distiction is meaingless. Romans knew
the exact place to drive the spike so that it pressure on the median nerve. This would excruciating pain to run up and down the condemned's arms
while at the same time causing the thumb to be drawn inward until it press against the palm. The fingers eventually are cramped inward toward the
The condemned were nailed with their arms at a ninety degree angel but as they hung on the cross their body would eventually sag to about a sixty five
degree angle. The weight of the body hanging in this position would cause the pectoral muscles to become paralyzed and the person would be able to
breath in but not exhale.
Prior to death more often than not a person would flail his body about which would aggravated the guards. So, in order to prevent this they would nail
the person's feet to the stipe. In doing this they discovered that the condemned would use the spike driven through their feet as a kind of step and
force his body upward so that his arms would reach in angle that would allow him to breath again and thus prolong the time before death. Sometimes it
could take days for a person to die when there feet were nailed to the stipe.
In nailing the feet to the stipe the knees were bent one foot was placed flat on the stipe and the other foot was placed on top of it. A spike was the
driven through the second metatarsal space of the feet. Injuring the peroneal nerve and branches of the medial and lateral plantar nerves. Also
causing the membrane of highly innervated connective tissue with numerous blood vessels surrounding the bones of the feet would be stripped creating
very intense pain.
The Romans had become such experts at crucifixion that they were able to predict within about four hours the time of a person's death by the angle
they used in bending the knees.
John 20:24-35 Now Thomas (called Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came. So the other disciples told him,
"We have seen the Lord!"
But he said to them, "Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will
not believe it.
This is probably one of the worst forms of capital punishment endorsed by a govenment and only used for the worst of offenders and crimes. Jesus was
innocent, but he died in the worst way possible for the time