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Originally posted by grad_student
how exactly does light ... "bend" around massive stars.
Originally posted by grad_student
Say I am the sun, and I spew out radiant energy. At what point does this energy become mass, and if the answer is never, then how exactly does light cause radiation pressure, and "bend" around massive stars.
Originally posted by grad_student
But, they exhibit certain properties such as radiation pressure, that a naive scientist (more accurately an electrical engineer getting into solid state physics) might interpret as exhibiting mass-like qualities.
Originally posted by Simon666
Energy, mass and momentum are related in relativity according to m2 = E2/c4 - p2/c2. Since light has no mass, it goes that E = pc. So light has no mass but it does have an impulse, momentum, that is very small however.
Since the energy of a photon is also given by E = hv with v the frequency, and E = pc, the impulse of a photon is given by p = hv/c. As said already, this is a very small value. Since impulse is classically calculated as p = mv and v=c for photons, we can calculate an equivalent mass of photons that is m = hv/c². This photon "mass" is however a purely mathematical concept.
Originally posted by shbaz
This website contains a lot of information about how antennas work and how an electron (which is loads smaller than a wavelength of light) can still emit and absorb photons. It'll help you understand the physics behind it all.
[edit on 8/23/2005 by shbaz]
Originally posted by Simon666
E2/c4 - p2/c2. Since light has no mass, it goes that E = pc. So light has no mass but it does have an impulse, momentum, that is very small however. Due to the law of conservation of momentum, if light is reflected of a flat surface according to the surface normal, there is a momentum transferred upon this reflected surface of 2p. If we know how many photons are falling onto a surface per unit of time, we can hence calculate the change in impulse p = mv per unit of time and hence the acceleration a=dv/dt=(dp/dt)/m and the force F = dp/dt on this surface. Dividing by the surface area A results in the radiation pressure P = F/A.
concept.
Originally posted by grad_student
If the atom of the photon has zero mass, how exactly can it repulse the plate at the other end? Angular momentum due to the spin of the photon?
Originally posted by grad_student
Ok this makes more sense, you are saying there's actually an extra term in E=mc^2 that has to do with momentum.
Originally posted by McGrude
Interesting questions. I am not sure, but I believe that the reason for light 'bending' around
large gravitational sources is due to the curving of space itself, rather than gravitational force
being applied to the photons themselves.
[edit on 2005/8/23 by McGrude]