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Originally posted by cmdrkeenkid
Is this the same thing as West Nile or is it something different?
WikiPedia: Japanese Encephalitis
Japanese Encephalitis is a mosquito borne virus from the family Flaviviridae. Domestic pigs and wild birds are reservoirs of the virus, transmission to humans may cause severe symptoms. One of the most important vectors of this disease is the mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus. This disease usually affects people in South East Asia and the Far East.
Signs which develop during the acute encephalitic stage include neck rigidity, cachexia, hemiparesis, convulsions and a raised body temperature between 38 and 41 degrees Celsius. Mental retardation developed from this disease usually leads to coma. Mortality of this disease varies but is generally much higher in children. Life-long nerulogical defects such as deafness, emotional lability and hemiparesis may occur in those who have had Central Nervous System involvement.
The diagnosis of this diease is made by detecting antibodies in serum and CSF (cerebro spinal fluid) by IgM capture ELISA. A vaccine is available but anti-virals are usually ineffective unless administed within hours of being infected, hence treatment is mainly supportive. Japanese Encephalitis is not transmitted between humans. Infection with JEV confers life-long immunity.
Red areas show the distribution of Japanese Enecphalitis in Asia 1970-1998