posted on Jul, 22 2005 @ 07:43 AM
Well...we know that malaria has been killing people for millenia; that might be one of the first Big Boys to have been noted in medical texts.
Parasites have also been noted, as have bacterial infections (stemming from wounds) and what we now know as pneumonia and
the common cold
. Polio and smallpox have also been noted, as well as
It's hard to pinpoint a single case; much of what we know has been gathered from recent examinations of ancient burial sites; there are ancient
texts though noting surgical procedures which were often the result of bacterial infection.
Egyption papyrus referencing various ailments
There are some great pages on paleopathology (ancient diseases)
and because I'm such a geek, I've also
included this link
to the works of Hippocrates
There's a wealth of information out there relating to paleopathology - alas, there (as a rule) isn't one particular vector or case of X disease
occuring for the first time in X place, at X time.
Have fun reading though
[edit on 22-7-2005 by Tinkleflower]