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The forward facing Phazotron NO11M Bars is a powerful integrated radar sighting system. The N011M is a digital multi-mode dual frequency band radar (X and L Band, NATO D and I). Antenna diameter is 1m, antenna gain 36dB, the main sidelobe level is -25dB, average sideobe level is -48dB, beamwidth is 2.4 deg with 12 distinct beam shapes. The antenna weighs 100kg.
The N011M radar has been under flight testing since 1993, fitted to Su-27M (Su-35) prototype '712'. It employs the same level of technology as the now abandoned N014 radar which was to have equipped Mikoyan's MFI "fifth-generation" fighter and was initiated by Tamerlan Bekirbayev.
Note that the N011M is different from the N011: the N011 is mechanical scanning while the former is features a phased array antenna and is much more capable. "We can count the number of blades in the engine of the aircraft in sight (by the NO11M) and by that determine its type," NIIP claims.
The N011M can function both in air-to-air and air-to-land/sea mode simultaneusly while being tied into a high-precision laser-inertial / GPS navigation system. It is equipped with a modern digital weapons control system as well as anti-jamming features. The aircraft has an opto-electronic surveillance and targeting system which consists of a IR direction finder, laser rangefinder and helmet mounted sight system. The HMS allows the pilot to turn his head in a 90º field of view, lock on to a target and launch the much-feared R-73E missile.
In preliminary long range aiming, the targets (co-ordinates of which enter the navigation system) are locked on automatically, and the onboard locator is disengaged. The aircraft flies radio silent to the targets, and at a range close to the maximum one required for launching the weapons, the threat updating aids are engaged and the weapon is fired. In doing so, the attack time is minimal and the low-observable target approach increases the success of a mission greatly.
For aircraft N011M has a 350 km search range and a 200 km tracking range. The radar can track and engage 20 air targets and engage the 8 most threatening targets simultaneously. The forward hemisphere is ±90º in azimuth and ±55º in elevation. These targets can include cruise/ballistic missiles and even motionless helicopters. A MiG-21 for instance can be detected at a distance of up to 135 km. Design maximum search range for an F-16 target was 140-160km. A Bars' earlier variant, fitted with a five-kilowatt transmitter, proved to be capable of acquiring Su-27 fighters at a range of over 330 km. In comparison, the advanced Kopyo radar found in the latest MiG-21UPG can detect small drone targets at a range of 50 km. Another radar meant for the Flanker family, Phazotron-NIIR’s Zhuk-MS radar has a range of 150-180km against a fighter and over 300km against a warship. N011M can withstand up to 5 percent transceiver loss without significant degredation in performance. Additionally it can function as a 'mimi-AWACS' and can act as a director or command post for other aircraft. The target co-ordinates can be transferred automatically to atleast 4 other aircraft. This feature was first seen in the MiG-31 Foxhound, which is equipped with a Zaslon radar.
Ground surveillance modes include mapping (with Doppler beam sharpening), search & track of moving targets, synthetic aperture radar and terrain avoidance. To penetrate enemy defenses, the aircraft can fly at low altitudes using the terrain following and obstacle avoidance feature. It enables the pilot to independently find his position without help from external sources (satellite navigation, etc.); detect ground targets and their AD systems; choose the best approach route to a target with continuous updates fed to the aircraft navigation systems; and provide onboard systems and armament with targeting data.
The N011M offers a quantum leap in technology over the earlier Russian radars. Small ground targets, like tanks, can be detected out to 40-50 km. The MiG-29, Su-27 and other fighters can be provided with a ground strike capability only if their radars can operate in the down-looking mode which generates a map of ground surface on a cockpit display (this mode is called the Mapping Mode).
N011M ensures a 20 m resolution detection of large sea targets at a distance up to 400 km, and of small size ones - at a distance of 120 km.
New gimbals for the antenna mount to increase the field of view to about 90-100 degrees to both sides. New software will enable a Doppler-sharpening mode and the capability to engage up to eight air targets simultaneously.
Originally posted by COWlan
MIG is seriously losing market right now, it was in and out of bankruptsy for such a long time. Little sales in the last few years. No competition in 5th generation aircraft.
I heard that Sukhoi and MIG merged, is it true?
As we escort the Tomcat off the carrier decks and usher the Hornet aboard, one cannot help but get teary eyed at the thought of bidding farewell to this legendary fighter. It seems as if the United States Navy is accelerating it's retirement every time I turn around with Boeing turning out the Super Hornet off the assembly line so fast.
Don't get me wrong, I love the Hornet. It's just not the Tomcat. I think the beefy F-14 made the movie Top Gun more awesome than the F-18 could have. That is of course, if the Hornet was flying in 1986. The Tomcat is an American icon, sort of like the Chevy Corvette or Harley Davidson. Some analogies I like to make are like this. If the Tomcat were a car, it wouldn't be a nimble sports car. It would be a brutish loud as hell muscle car with glass packs the whole nine yards. If it were a pro-athlete it would not resemble a baseball or tennis player, but a huge linebacker ready to plow anything in it's path.
I think most will agree the F-14 or rather the "Tomcat'" is the best known fighter in America for it's name while probably the F-16 is better known for it's number. In 1995 my girlfriend (now lovely Wife) stepped into my Corvette for the first time which had an illuminated tangerine instrument cluster. "Wow, it look's like an F-16 in here." But she somehow knew Tom Cruise flew a Tomcat.
Sadly the time is drawing closer than we think to say farewell to our Tomcat. Operation Iraqi Freedom is probably the last time we will see the Tomcat fly in anger. During OIF, I recall watching CNN as the camera crews were aboard the USS Abraham Lincoln. The newscaster was talking to one of the pilots as an F-14D sat on the catapult in the background about 2:00am. They were situated in the middle of the sea and the darkness seemed hauntingly eerie. Watching the F-14 barrel down the carrier deck and light up the Indian Ocean with it's huge GE-110's afterburning flames was an incredible sight to behold..
Evolution.. Sad but true. Now I guess this is how the F-4 Phantom guys felt.
Originally posted by tomcat ha
F14D Tomcat is still the best naval fighter. The only drawback it has is a poor rate of roll however when it starts turning instead of rolling it will get you. As it turns just as fast as a F16 20 degrees a sec.