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Wernher von Braun (1912-1977)
By the beginning of 1945, it was obvious to von Braun that Germany would not achieve victory against the Allies, and he began planning for the postwar era. Before the Allied capture of the V-2 rocket complex, von Braun engineered the surrender of 500 of his top rocket scientists, along with plans and test vehicles, to the Americans. For fifteen years after World War II, von Braun would work with the United States army in the development of ballistic missiles. As part of a military operation called Project Paperclip, he and his rocket team were scooped up from defeated Germany and sent to America where they were installed at Fort Bliss, Texas. There they worked on rockets for the United States army, launching them at White Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico.
Originally posted by Josekinuc
Robert was the father of rocketry. Wernher Von Braun was only following Goddard's research and patents. Read url:
Dr. Wernher Von Braun would probably have taken a seat in second position if Robert Goddard had not passed away so soon after WWII. The V2 rocket was a copy of Goddard's invention. I do not mean to take a thing from Dr. Wernher Von Braun. Just simply stating historical facts.
In 1922, his doctoral dissertation on rocket science was rejected as "utopian". He had the 92-page work privately published as the controversial Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen (By Rocket into Planetary Space). (In 1929, Oberth would expand this to a 429-page work entitled Wege zur Raumschiffahrt or Ways to Spaceflight.) Oberth commented later that he made the deliberate choice not to write another doctoral dissertation: "I refrained from writing another one, thinking to myself: Never mind, I will prove that I am able to become a greater scientist than some of you, even without the title of doctor."  (www.kiosek.com...) Oberth criticized the German system of education, saying "Our educational system is like an automobile which has strong rear lights, brightly illuminating the past. But looking forward things are barely discernible."  (www.kiosek.com...)
He became a member of the Verein für Raumschiffahrt (VfR - "Spaceflight Society"), an amateur rocket group that had taken great inspiration from his book and acted as something of a mentor to the enthusiasts that made it up.
In 1928 and 1929 Oberth worked in Berlin as scientific consultant on the first film ever to have scenes set in space, Frau im Mond (The Woman in the Moon), directed at UFA-Film Co. by Fritz Lang. The film was of enormous value in popularizing the idea of rocket science. Oberth lost the sight in his left eye in an experiment for this film.
In autumn 1929, Oberth launched his first liquid fuel rocket, named Kegeldüse. He was helped in this experiment by his students at the Technical University of Berlin, one of whom was Wernher von Braun, who would later head the wartime project to develop the rocket officially called the A4, but far better known today as the V-2, 45 feet long, liquid-fuelled, with a one-ton warhead, capable of supersonic speed, and with an azimuth of over 50 miles. Although Oberth did not play a large direct role in that project, it incorporated many of his inventions and ideas.
Originally posted by tigerjr
Well we did steal the jet engine... Germans were the only ones to have any kind of rocketry research done and employed when the war ended. Everyone else was still using really big cannons and balloons