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Originally posted by periwinkle blue
First to discover the earth to be a globe was the guy who after a long walk wound up back at his house prior to falling off the edge.
Originally posted by junglejake
It's pretty old knowlege. The Bible touches on the idea in Job, and the Ancient Greeks had the distance around the planet (equitorial) nailed pretty closely...
Originally posted by Chakotay
Or at least the ancient Egyptians (long before the Greeks). The Earth's circumference is encoded in the stonework of the Great Pyramid.
Originally posted by dave_54Job predates all the other candidates given here. The Book of Job is so old scholars have yet not really dated the story, and similar accounts are found in many diverse cultures around the world -- a cultural universal.
A quick scan of Job did not turn up the chapter and verse. Do you have it handy? Something like "...and is not the earth an orb suspended from the hand of God?...". I remember the quote from the study of that Book but cannot recall it verbatim.
Science journalist Teresi (coauthor of The God Particle) has combed the literature to catalogue the scientific advances made by early non-Western societies and to determine their impact on Western science. His work spans millennia and encompasses the full extent of the globe. He points out, for example, that five millennia ago the Sumerians concluded that the earth was round.
Originally posted by dr_strangecraft
Byrd is obvioiusly correct with the references to Job; however there are Bible verses that can be twisted into such a thing as an orb-earth. But then, the Hebrews were using cosmology to describe spiritual truth, and not the other way around.