As I lay down to bed each night and review and analyze what I have learned each day, and the actions and behaviors I've exhibited I notice the
mistakes I've made:
(I'm still unsure of how to incorporate quote's in the little gray boxes; if someone could enlighten me on how to do so I'd be most
Julius Caesar. During his invasion of Alexandria in 47–48 BC, Caesar set the enemy fleet in the harbor on fire. Some historians believe that this
fire spread into the city and destroyed the entire library.
Of which I replied (in error):
Jake1997 , umm .. you do know it was a bishop in the fleet of Julius who was a member the Roman Catholoic Church that gave the order to burn down the
Library, don't you?
After some reflexion last night I realized my error and have done a little more research to gather the facts that pointed out the truth, rather than
what I thought. Here is some facts concerning the error of my thoughts and how I expressed them incorrectly:
Source material can be found at:
In this sight you will read:
"Ammianus Marcellinus says that only the Capitol in Rome compared to its splendour. It was this very grandeur that spelt its doom as it was first
ransacked by Artemius, prefect of the City, on the orders of the Arian heretic George of Cappadocia in about AD360 and then destroyed utterly by a
mob incited by Theophilus, the orthodox patriarch of Alexandria, in AD391 who built churches over the site."
I was under the impression from what I had learned that Theophilus was the equivelant of a Bishop in the earliest co-ordinated Christian efforts of
combining all the followers of Christ. But, that assumption may be wrong.
However Jake1997 was accurate as well because the same websight makes an extended explanation and study of Julius's impact on the Library:
"One of the final pagan Roman historians, the fourth century Ammianus Marcellinus, explains about the fate of the Library during an aside about the
city of Alexandria in his Roman History. He says that the story about the fire started by Julius Caesar is 'the unanimous belief of the ancient
authors' but confuses the library building with the Serapeum temple and again gives the number of scrolls destroyed as 700,000 (perhaps Gellius
is his source). The story is repeated shortly afterwards with the figure of 400,000 scrolls destroyed, by Orosius, an early Christian historian, in
his History Against the Pagans. Both these writers are far too late to be accurate sources on their own, but they do reveal that by the fourth
century the Royal Library was widely believed to have been destroyed by Julius Caesar. Both of them will be discussed further below with regard to the
destruction of the Serapeum which occurred in their own time.
This concludes the case against Caesar which seems to be pretty good although not watertight. For some reason many modern scholars have been unwilling
to accept it even though there is no mention of the Royal Library existing at all after his visit. In fact, one must go all the way back to accounts
covering the second century BC before coming across any mention of the Library."
Interestingly enough without Jake1997's input in this thread I may have never found the need to delve into the truth behind the beliefs of the
burning down of the Alexandrian Library.
Source material found at:
"Atlantis was Antartica before it froze. Refer to the map that was
> discovered and dates back to 1500's which shows the coastline of
> Antartica accurately without ice and as a tropical region. The map was
> based on an older map with notes commenting on an advanced society
> living there. It was said they lived there over 4000-5000yrs ago."
Although I may not agree in it's entirety the above statement, how is it that anyone that lived in the 1500s had a map of Antartica as it appears
without the 3 miles of ice that now covers it.
My thoughts about the destruction of knowledge and loss of accumilated documentation stems primarily from the proof contained in the "Peri Reis"
map. The Peri Reis map is a map that Reis (an admiral in the navy of Asia Minor) that gained notoriety in the early 1920's, but had existed from the
1500s when Peri Reis copied it from a far older copy in a library in Asia Minor that he himself says was copied from a far older version from a
library in Alexandria.
Incedently my point is we verified the fact that the mountain ranges, rivers, and coastlines (that are indicated in the Peri Reis map that dates back
to at least the Library of Alexandria) when in the late 1970s and early 1980s we had the technology in space to use radar imagery to penetrate the 3
miles of ice to see what lies underneath.
Think of it, we "discovered" in the 1980s the same information that existed at least 2000 years ago. So, yes .... I do believe that the destruction
of the library that was totally destroyed by Theophilus and Julius set mankind's accumilated knowledge back at least 1000 years, but in this case
more than 2000 years since Antartica has been covered by ice since at least 9000 BC, in which case the knowledge/prrof/documentation set us back