Ok St Peter is in equality to St Paul.......
quote//both St. Peter and St. Paul, that is, the title of Protokoryphaioi, i.e., "leaders" or "chiefs" of the Apostles,
gives us some insight into what the distinctions between the Disciples of Christ actually mean.
They describe functions, responsibilities, cares, and rôles;
they do not, however, refer to special privileges, prerogatives, or authority.
For, in the final analysis, despite these distinctions, all of the Apostles were equal, just as all of the Bishops of the Orthodox Church—who are
their successors—, whether they be simple Bishops or Patriarchs or Œcumenical Patriarchs, are absolute equals.
This fact helps to explain both the passage which you cite from II Corinthians and the Gospel passages which Papists have wholly unjustifiably used to
support the doctrine of Papal supremacy.
Concerning the rock upon which the Lord promised the Apostle Peter to found His Church.
St Juvenal, Patriarch of Jerusalem, in his epistle to the clergy of Palestine after the Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon writes: "When the
chief and first of the Apostles Peter said, Thou art the Christ,
the Son of the living God,
the Lord replied,
Blessed art thou, Simon Bar Jonah: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee,
but My Father which is in heaven.
And I say also unto thee,
that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it (Matt. 16:17-18).
On this confession the Church of God is made firm, and this Faith, given to us by the holy Apostles, the Church has kept and will keep to the end of
The Close Bond Between the Church of Christ on Earth
and the Church of the Saints in Heaven
The Apostle instructs those who have come to believe in Christ and have been joined to the Church as follows: Ye are come unto mount Zion,
and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company any of angels, company I to the general assembly and
church of the first born, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, and to Jesus, the
Mediator of the new covenant (Heb. 12:22-24).
We are not separated from our dead brothers in the faith by the impassable abyss of death: they are close to us in God, for all live unto Him (Luke
What is the Church.....
N THE LITERAL meaning of the word, the Church is the "assembly," in Greek, ekklesia, from ekkaleo, meaning "to gather." In this meaning it was
used in the Old Testament also (the Hebrew kahal).
In the New Testament, this name has an incomparably deeper and more mystical meaning which is difficult to embrace in a short verbal formula. The
character of the Church of Christ is best explained by the Biblical images to which the Church is likened.
The New Testament Church is the new planting of God, the garden of God, the vineyard of God. The Lord Jesus Christ, by His earthly life, His death on
the Cross and His Resurrection, introduced into humanity new grace-giving powers, a new life which is capable of great fruitfulness.
These powers we have in the Holy Church which is His Body.
The Sacred Scripture is rich in expressive images of the Church. Here are the chief of them:
a) The image of the grapevine and its branches (John 15:1-8).
I am the true vine and My Father is the Husbandman.
Every branch in Me that beareth not fruit He taketh away; and every branch that beareth fruit, He purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit...
Abide in Me, and I in you.
As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine, no more can ye, except ye abide in Me, I am the Vine, ye are the branches.
He that abideth in Me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit; for without Me ye can do nothing.
If a man abide not in Me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned...
Herein is My Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be My disciples.
Thus, both for reasons of an historical character and for reasons of an inward character, the Apostles are the foundations of the Church.
Therefore it is said of the Church: It is built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone
The naming of the Church as "apostolic" indicates that it is established not on a single Apostle (as the Roman Church later taught),
but upon all twelve; otherwise it would have to bear the name of Peter, or John, or some other.
The Church as it were ahead of time warned us against thinking according to a "fleshly" principle (I Cor. 3:4): "I am of Apollos, I am of
Cephas." In the Apocalypse, concerning the city coming down from heaven it is said: And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the
names of the twelve Apostles of the Lamb (Apoc. 21:14).
5/4/2005 by helen670]
[edit on 5/4/2005 by helen670]