Modern form of rerrorism was "invented" by the CIA and the NSS in the South American Campaign in countries like Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua with
their Death Squads, that were all trained by their top agents. They were responsible for slaughtering tens of thousands civilians in South America.
First of all, Webster defines terrorism as "a systematic use or terror, especially as a means of coercion". Terrorism is not limited to religious
or political groups, it has roots in economics, sociology, and even crime.
The modern term “terrorism” comes from the Latin “to frighten”, as was coined by the French shortly after the French Revolution in 1793, aka
“Regime de la Terreur”.
Terrorism is an act of illegal violence designed to drive home a point, through fear, coercion and intimidation. Terrorism is a form of
communication, where individuals seek to challenge the actions or policies of a group.
As such, terrorism is also a political act.
Terrorism is an ancient tactic, practiced by various groups for well over 2,000 years. Famous
ancient and olden examples of terrorist groups include the Zealots, Sicari, the Hashishin, and the Thugees.
Most historians agree that the "modern form of terroism" was develped during the French Revolution, which was the first major example of secular
terrorism. The French Revolutionists used violent terrorist tactics as a way to combat those who they perceived to be "subversive", and for the
first few years of the revolution, these terrorist acts had much popular support. It was only when they went too far in their gross excesses of
violence did the french populace and the world (the British in particular - see the writings of Edmund Burke) changed and began to heavily criticize
Other less notable but equally important examples of modern terrorism include the Narodnaya Volya (NV), or "The People’s Will", which in 1879
began a violent anti-czarist campaign in Russia, and the multiple assassinations of various state leaders during the early 1900's, which culminated
with the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo by people who were supported by Narodna Odbrana and "The Black Hand".
In the 1960's and 1970's groups like the PLO, Tamil Tigers, Basque ETA, Provisional IRA, Red Army faction, Shining Path, Red Brigades, and the
Japanese Red Army were slaughtering innocent people to further their political agenda before anybody even heard of alleged CIA involvement in Central
America. (By the way, if the Marine Corp trains a man to be a sniper, and 5 years later that same man goes out and shoots 20 people from the top of a
tower, does that make the Marine Corp an evil organization responsible for the deaths of 20 people? The same analogy works with the CIA operations in
Terrorism is probably a natural social condition
whose causes can be traced, either directly or indirectly, to:
* Lack of democracy, civil liberties, and rule of law
* Failed or weak states
* Rapid modernization
* Extremist ideologies (secular or religious)
* History of political violence, civil wars, revolution, or dictatorships
* Inequity of power
* Illegitimate or corrupt governments
* Repression by foreign occupation
* Experience of social injustice
* Presence of a charismatic leader or organizer
The causes of terrorism can be found in in the depths of inequity. Poverty, sickness, oppression, injustice, ignorance and fear all contribute to the
formation of terrorism. Perhaps that is why there is so very little terrorism in the United States.
Societies and governments who have advanced beyond the use of terrorism must attack terrorism at it’s source. We must implement and support secular
world advancement programs that fight inequality and oppression whenever possible, and allow all people to have a voice.
That is how terrorism will be defeated.