In Russia, in the Volga River basin, there is a strange mystical legitimacy. Here is an old map, which is about 150 years old. On the right bank -
Kalyazin, Rybinsk, Yaroslavl, Plyos, Nizhny Novgorod, Kozmodemyansk, Ulyanovsk (Simbirsk), Khvalynsk, Volsk, Saratov, Kamyshin, Volgograd (Tsaritsyn).
All these cities are masculine.
On the left bank - Kostroma, Kazan, Samara, Astrakhan. All these names are feminine. All these cities are old (dating back to the 16th century).
You may notice that there are much more cities on the right bank of the Volga than on the left. This is explained by the fact that, starting from the
16th century, Russia developed to the East, and the presence of cities on the right bank was a military necessity.
Of course, there are cities that are out of this model. However, if you look closely, in almost every such case, we again find confirmation of the
Syzran (feminine) - on the right bank. Violation? Not at all, when the fortress appeared in 1688, it was called Syzran, and then it was softened by
"changing the floor".
Engels (masculine gender) was called "Pokrovskaya Sloboda" (feminine gender) in medieval and modern Russian history, and only later it was renamed by
the Soviet government.
Cheboksary (plural) - there are no rules without exceptions. But, this exception does not contradict the rule, it is just a city of neuter gender.
And, in general, I mean Cheboksar (masculine).
Kineshma was a village, so this rule did not apply to her.
Togliatti appeared in 1737, and was called differently - Stavropol, that is, also in a masculine way. But, the initial plan for the construction of
the city of a competent official and historian Vasily Tatishchev suggested a different name - Epiphany, and here we see the female gender. Why was it
not named as it was intended? The era of Peter I, the 18th century, was underway, when they began to abandon the previous model.
But until the 18th century, indeed, the city on the right bank was given a masculine name, on the left - feminine.
Interestingly, this rule worked not only on the Volga! Bryansk, Oryol, Surgut, Vilyuisk (masculine) - right-bank. Moscow (judging by the Kremlin) and
Kolomna (feminine) are left-bank.
And what do you think, dear members of the forum, why in ancient times in Russia there was such a pattern?
edit on 21-8-2020 by RussianTroll because: correct