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“Awake, awake! Put on your strength, O Zion; Put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city! For the uncircumcised and the unclean Shall no longer come to you. Shake yourself from the dust, arise; Sit down, O Jerusalem! Loose yourself from the bonds of your neck, O captive daughter of Zion!” Isaiah 52:1-2 NKJV
originally posted by: RelSciHistItSufi
a reply to: F2d5thCavv2
1) Discussions on the original Ayatollah being an English military officer called Gavin Williamson (from memory)
The envelope contained two documents: a Xeroxed book review from the long-defunct Illustrated London News dated Nov. 10, 1951, and titled "Arabian Adventurer. The Story of Haji Williamson;" and a May 3, 2006 Xerox of an article entitled "Who Was The Ayatollah Khomeini?" from a publication called Persian Journal.
The book review related the adventure-strewn life of a Victorian Englishman born in 1872, William Richard Williamson, who attended Clifton's preparatory school and found the discipline so distasteful that he ran off to sea as a young teenager. He sailed around on British merchant ships, hated that too, and roamed around the U.S. as a cowboy, miner, actor and the like, then roamed the world finding odd jobs from the Philippines to the Persian Gulf.
Williamson was a devout Muslim and educated his kids in religious Shiite schools under top ayatollahs. "Two of them," says the article, "Hindizadeh (meaning Indian born) and Passandieh (meaning pleasing or approved) studied well and eventually became ayatollahs in their own right. The third boy, a troublesome young man, failed to make his mark in Najaf and went to the holy city of Qom and studied under Ayatollah Boroujerdi. When family names became a requirement by law under the rule of Reza Shah (the Shah's father) the young man chose the city of his residence (Qom or Khom) and took on the name of Khomeini."
The phrase "51st state" sometimes has international political connotations not necessarily having to do with becoming a U.S. state. The phrase "51st state" can be used in a positive sense, meaning that a region or territory is so aligned, supportive, and conducive with the United States, that it is like a U.S. state. It can also be used in a pejorative sense, meaning an area or region is perceived to be under excessive American cultural or military influence or control.In various countries around the world, people who believe their local or national culture has become too Americanized sometimes use the term "51st state" in reference to their own countries.
Before Alaska and Hawaii became states of the United States in 1959, the corresponding expression was "the 49th state".
IRAQ: Armed Groups Opened Fire Against Protesters After They Refused To Mourn Soleimani In The City Of Nasiriyia
Iraqi protesters burn down an office of Iran-backed Hashd al-Shaabi in Nasriya after they opened fire at protesters for rejecting to participate in a symbolic funeral for Soleimani and Muhandis.
originally posted by: ketsuko
a reply to: PilSungMtnMan
It's also a great excuse to keep our domestic oil and gas industry going if the Middle East and OPEC fall to foreign enemies.