posted on Oct, 4 2019 @ 01:00 AM
The soil in my hard wood swamp is literally alive. From tiny one celled fungus, algae and bacteria, to large moles about 6 inches long. It is
generally about 4 inches of top soil over a find sand topped with a thin layer of dead leaves.
It is so full of bugs, worms, salamanders, toads, frogs, snakes, mice, voles, moles and other burrowing critters that it is soft and spongy everywhere
except the main lawn and driveway. It is so full of fungus, that when I dropped a wooden clothes pin on the ground, a week latter is was rotted.
Mostly it's the fungus breaking down the wood, with leaf worms, millipedes, and other insects in the leaf litter helping to decomposing that. Then
there are the leaves, sticks and other material that fall into the swamp and turns to soil by a whole other host of plants and animals.
But it is a wooded swamp with deciduous trees a major feature. There are coniferous forests along with bogs, prairies, and fields with mixed grasses,
all of which produce organic material that turn into soil. Also, animals contribute with decaying corpses and dung of course. Don't forget that
rivers, ponds and lakes all contribute to the composition of soil as well.
Without trees, we would be in trouble for a whole host of reasons, but soil is a complex subject and the factors involved are dependent on the
particular environment. It is rather narrow minded to think that trees are the only thing contributing to the production of new soil. Actually, for
being a swampy forest for the past 10,000 years or so, 4 inches of topsoil isn't much from all those fallen leaves, branches and trees. In Michigan,
the prairie lands historically had deeper and richer soil than the woods back during the logging era in the 1800s.