My argument: Strictly speaking, the type of entity that has been reported in the majority of abductions -- commonly called a 'gray' or 'grey' --
is a primate that, judging purely on observed features, should be classified along with known animals such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans (both
extinct and living). If an accredited academic where to discover the body of a 'gray' they would surely classify it in the subfamily 'hominae'...
if not in the genus 'homo' itself. This is because, judging by avaliable descriptions of grays, their bodily structure is not significantly
different than that of the living and extinct great apes.
To support this notion, I offer the following points:
1)Strictly speaking, the apparent morphology of these 'aliens' is that of a hominine
2)The 'grays' have the capability to breed with humans, at least according to eyewitness accounts. This would actually make the 'grays' members
of the human species, according to the most commonly held definition of species... though the technological methods that are needed by the grays to
mate with humans point to only a similarity in evolutionary origin.
Point #2 has been written about extensively on ATS. I'm sure that everyone here is familiar with tales of gray breeding experiments, so I won't
write about such tales here. I think we can all agree, though, that such reports are out there, that most if not all members here have read them, and
that they have been associated with the UFO phenomena for decades.
I will deal with Point #1 by first providing a general description of a 'gray' and then linking to common primate classification/description
Gray Description: Usually a being between 3.5 and 4.5 feet in height. Four limbs, with the posterior limbs providing bipedal locomotion. Forelimbs
used to grab and manipulate objects. Head large, with two foreward-looking eyes that are situated on a face with a minimized snout and mouth. No
tail. Apparently warm-blooded (as it can operate at night). Large brain relative to body size.
"All primates, including humans, share at least part of a set of common characteristics that distinguish them from other mammals. Many of these
characteristics evolved as adaptations for life in the trees, the environment in which earlier primates evolved. These include more reliance on sight
than smell; overlapping fields of vision, allowing stereoscopic (three-dimensional) sight; limbs and hands adapted for clinging on, leaping from, and
swinging on tree trunks and branches; the ability to grasp and manipulate small objects (using fingers with nails instead of claws); large brains in
relation to body size; and complex social lives."
"In the past only humans were considered to belong to the family Hominidae, and the term hominid referred only to species of humans. Today, however,
genetic studies support placing all of the great apes and humans together in this family and the placing of African apes—chimpanzees and
gorillas—together with humans at an even lower level, or subfamily."
"According to this reasoning, the evolutionary branch of Asian apes leading to orangutans, which separated from the other hominid branches by about
13 million years ago, belongs to the subfamily Ponginae. The ancestral and living representatives of the African ape and human branches together
belong to the subfamily Homininae (sometimes called hominines). Lastly, the line of early and modern humans belongs to the tribe (classificatory level
above genus) Hominini, or hominins.
"This order of classification corresponds with the genetic relationships among ape and human species. It groups humans and the African apes together
at the same level in which scientists group together, for example, all types of foxes, all buffalo, or all flying squirrels. Within each of these
groups, the species are very closely related. However, in the classification of apes and humans the similarities among the names hominoid, hominid,
hominine, and hominin can be confusing. In this article the term early human refers to all species of the human family tree since the divergence from
a common ancestor with the African apes. Popular writing often still uses the term hominid to mean the same thing."
Comparison (my own notes will be in brackets, otherwise all text is from the source):
1. Preservation of generalised limb structure with primitive pentadactyly.
Describe primitive pentadactyly limb (3 girdle bones; 1 upper limb bone; 2 lower limb bones; carpals/tarsals; metas; phalanges), and how various other
mammalian orders have lost various bones (especially fusing the lower limb bones).
[My Note: The grays are described as having four limbs and no tails. Based on exterior observations we cannot tell what the internal bone structure
is... but the grays have been described as being able to bend over at the waist, imply a similarity in rib-cage/abdominal structures]
2. Enhancement of free mobility of the digits, especially of the pollux and hallux (both used for grasping).
[The grays use hand tools]
3. Replacement of sharp, compressed claws by flat nails; development of very sensitive tactile pads on the digits.
[The grays are not described as having claws]
4. Progressive shortening of the snout.
[The grays have noses that are reduced to being two pinpoint nostrils]
5. Elaboration of the visual apparatus, with the development of varying degrees of binocular vision.
[The most distinctive feature of the grays are their large eyes]
6. Reduction of the olfactory apparatus.
These 3 are all linked and progress from prosimian through monkeys to humans.
7. Loss of certain elements of the primitive mammalian dentition. Preservation of a simple molar cusp pattern.
Tooth formula reduction: primitive mammal 188.8.131.52/184.108.40.206; prosimians and NWMs 220.127.116.11/18.104.22.168; OWMs & apes 22.214.171.124/126.96.36.199. Note, that it is the
anterior 2 premolars that we have lost.
[We have few descriptions of gray 'mouths', but a popular UFO legend describes a military dentist who was aksed to make copies of an alien jaw that
had no teeth as we would describe them]
8. Progressive expansion and elaboration of the brain, especially of the cerebral cortex.
[The grays, though about half the height of a human being, are described as having heads equal to or larger than humans]
9. Progressive and increasingly efficient development of gestational processes.
And this has been further expanded by Napier and Napier 1967:
10. Prolongation of postnatal life periods.
11. Progressive development of truncal uprightness leading to a facultative bipedalism.
[The grays are always described as bipedal.
Explanations: Several things come to mind upon realizing that the grays are, by definition, primates that should be placed near humans and other
great apes in any classification system...
1)The grays may be descendants of the same ancestor that humans and chimps evolved from. This idea is supported by descriptions of grays that
describe beings with long arms that reach below the knee joint.
2)The grays may be a continuation of trends witnessed in the evolution of homo sapiens. They may, in fact, be the descendants of humans living
3)The grays may be beings from a parallel universe. This would make them 'facsimiles' of the higher primates that are familiar to humans. That is,
they may be what became of human evolution in a divergent timeline.
4)The grays may be descended from an early member of the genus homo tht, developing advanced technology prior to the emergence of homo sapiens,
colonized deep space.
5)The grays may not share any origins with humans at all. They may indeed be extraterrestrial. Their similarity to us and our ape relatives may be
a)direct genetic experimentation/modification of humans
b)convergent evolution, where disimilar species come to resemble each other because they exist in similar niches/environments.
I'll post pics and charts later on.