The Peace of God to all that belong to the Light,
This month of December we arrive to the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 8 space flight, it was the 2nd manned spaceflight mission in the United States
Apollo space program, was launched on December 21, 1968, intended to be the 1st manned spacecraft to leave low Earth orbit, reach the Moon, orbit it,
and safely return.
Few weeks before the Soviet spacecraft Zond 5 on November 1968 had brought the first earthlings ( tortoises, bacteria, seeds, plants and also 1st
alive Human cells cultures) near the moon, and bring them back safely to earth.
Hence, we must understand that the pressure was extremely high over NASA scientists and engineers after the shock of November that were forced with
this flight to try to reduce the impact of such foreign achievement and prevent in any possible way that the Soviets may put before also entire human
beings on Moon orbit.
Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders—became the 1st entire human organisms to travel beyond low Earth orbit, as other previous Cosmonauts
and Astronauts were able to see Earth from space but at a farther distance than anybody else before, they were also the 1st to enter the gravity well
of another celestial body.
They were also the 1st entire human organisms to orbit another celestial body, they were not the first to see the far side of the Moon since Lunik
spacecrafts anyway had taken and tele-transmitted images of it since early 1960s, but they were able to , witness and photograph an Earthrise, as well
as to escape the gravity of another celestial body (the Moon), and reenter Earth's gravitational well.
Apollo 8 was the 3rd flight and the 1st crewed launch of the Saturn V rocket, and was the first human spaceflight from the Kennedy Space Center,
located adjacent to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
Originally planned as the second crewed lunar module/command module test, to be flown in an elliptical medium Earth orbit in early 1969, the mission
profile was changed in August 1968 to a more ambitious command-module-only lunar orbital flight to be flown in December, as the lunar module was not
yet ready to make its first flight.
Astronaut Jim McDivitt's crew, who were training to fly the first lunar module flight in low Earth orbit, became the crew for the Apollo 9 mission,
and Borman's crew were moved to the Apollo 8 mission. This left Borman's crew with two to three months' less training and preparation time than
originally planned, and replaced the planned lunar module training with translunar navigation training.
Apollo 8 took 68 hours (almost 3 days) to travel the distance to the Moon. The crew orbited the Moon 10 times over the course of 20 hours, during
which they made a Christmas Eve television broadcast in which they read the first ten verses from the Book of Genesis. At the time, the broadcast was
the most watched TV program ever, although also motivated a lawsuit from American Skeptics and Atheist organizations for a supposed violation of free
Apollo 8's successful mission paved the way for Apollo 11 to fulfill U.S. President John F. Kennedy's goal of landing entire human organisms on the
Moon before the end of the 1960s.
The Apollo 8 astronauts returned to Earth on December 27, 1968, when their spacecraft splashed down in the Northern Pacific Ocean. The crew members
were named Time magazine's "Men of the Year" for 1968 upon their return.
The Thread remembers this historic achievement and try to analyze the parallel ways both space programs, the American and Soviet, working on extreme
and exhausting competition tried on the best of their possibilities to reach similar goals both with an entirely different approach and strategies.
Thanks for your attention,
The Angel of Lightness
edit on 12/18/2018 by The angel of light because: (no reason given)