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Bensouda told the Security Council that ending impunity of fugitives is very vital for the security situation in Libya. “Surrendering fugitives to the ICC is very challenging. There can be no justice made to the victims until the criminals are surrendered to the court.” She remarked.
Fatou Bensouda requested the UN Security Council to help urge Libyan authorities apprehend and surrender Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi - son of Moamar Gaddafi- and the commander of Saiqa Force of Haftar-led forces Mahmoud Al-Werfalli, as well as former head of Gaddafi’s Interior Security Agency Al-Tuhamy Khalid.
W ARRANTS OF A RREST On 16 May 2011, the Prosecutor requested the issuance of these three warrants against Muammar Gaddafi, Saif Al - Islam Gaddafi and Abdullah Al - Senussi for their alleged criminal responsibility for the commission of murder and persecution as crimes against humanity from 15 February 2011 onwards throughout Libya in, inter alia , Tripoli, Benghazi, and Misrata, through the Libyan State ap paratus and Security Forces. On 27 June 2011, Pre - Trial Chamber I granted the Prosecutor’s request and issued three warrants of arrest for these three individuals. The arrest warrant against Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi was withdrawn, on 22 November 2011, due to his death.
when people protesting his father's regime were killed and imprisoned, and for which he had involvement.
The report says: “We have seen no evidence that the UK government carried out a proper analysis of the nature of the rebellion in Libya. It may be that the UK government was unable to analyse the nature of the rebellion in Libya due to incomplete intelligence and insufficient institutional insight, and that it was caught up in events as they developed.
A further insight into French motivations was provided in a freedom of information disclosure by the United States State Department in December 2015. On 2 April 2011, Sidney Blumenthal, adviser and unofficial intelligence analyst to the then United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, reported this conversation with French intelligence officers to the Secretary of State:
According to these individuals Sarkozy’s plans are driven by the following issues:
a. A desire to gain a greater share of Libya oil production,
b. Increase French influence in North Africa,
c. Improve his internal political situation in France,
d. Provide the French military with an opportunity to reassert its position in the world,
e. Address the concern of his advisors over Qaddafi’s long term plans to supplant France as the dominant power in Francophone Africa.46