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As he emerged from the ice, the mummy was still wearing goatskin leggings and a grass cape, while a copper-headed axe, a quiver full of arrows and a medicine kit with herbal remedies were lying nearby.
"Only a leader would have owned a copper axe. Copper was very precious and a symbol of power at that time," Leitner said.
According to his reconstruction, the Iceman was assaulted not far from the Similaun Glacier where his mummified body was found.
The assailants kept Ötzi at a distance because they were afraid of him, Leitner said. One attacker hit him with an arrow in the back, near his left shoulder, others threw more arrows at him, while another one got closer and hit Ötzi's right hand with a knife.
"Then the attackers removed the arrow from Ötzi's shoulder and left him there. As they came back to the village, the murderers said that the old man got lost in the mountains. For this reason, they did not steal his precious axe. It had to look like an accident, not a murder," Leitner said.
The researcher believes Ötzi did manage to flee up the mountain until he collapsed and was entombed in the Similaun Glacier's ice.
Probably caught in a storm at 10,000 feet, the right hand cut to the tendons and the left arm possibly bent in the effort to stop the blood, Ötzi spent at least three days in excruciating pain before he died, according to Egarter, who carried out histological and biochemical analysis on the deep knife wound.
"The presence of haemosiderin containing macrophages in skin wounds would indicate that the injury happened between three to eight days before Ötzi's death. Most likely, he managed to escape in the mountains and there he died after a few days because of blood loss, hunger, cold and weakness," Egarter told Discovery News. Discovery
Science has also been unable to explain a series of sinister accidents since the iceman was discovered.
Forensic medic Rainer Henn, one of the first to touch the mummy, died in a car crash on his way to a lecture about Oetzi. A mountain guide who helped with the find plunged to his death, and a journalist who filmed the excavation died from cancer.
Last October, Helmut Simon fell to his death in the Alps after a sudden onset of bad weather near the spot where he had discovered Oetzi.
Walter Leitner was close to the scene the night Simon died.
At the time, he was explaining his iceman theory to a team of U.S. American journalists when they too were suddenly engulfed by the storm and had to be rescued by helicopter.
"At that moment I thought of my survival rather than the curse; of my family; my daughter's birthday the next day, and how I would maybe not be there," Leitner said.
"The next day, when I arrived at the institute, people were saying, 'Have you heard, Helmut Simon went missing in the mountains', and that's when I started feeling a bit queasy."
The archeologist explained Simon had been profoundly moved by his discovery, seeing it as a religious signal to convert to Christianity.
"But why should the mummy punish him for that?" Leitner added. "It doesn't make sense."
Originally posted by Nygdan
On the tatoos, I'd be interested if anyone more familiar with these things has heard of something similiar. Its so odd yet it seems like the sort of thing people would continue to do.
Originally posted by Netchicken
Since then I havn't seen any more information on that event, yet one time I noticed that the body was indeed missing its gonads.
Before looking at Spindler's attitude to this, it is necessary to make two points. Firstly, the Iceman's genital region is as intact as any man's private parts would be after being buried under tons of ice for five millenia or more. He is as complete in the penile department as can be expected in the circumstances; his testicles, although very badly crushed, are there; and there is no genital damage that cannot be attributed either to long-term glaciation, or to the initial, indelicate recovery of the body. Secondly, his bow, despite showing signs of hasty manufacture, seems to have been intended to be fully functional.
Originally posted by malcr
The problem is not one of a mystery man seemingly advanced in medicine etc. But instead we should be facing up to the fact that archeologists are yet again showing an arrogant attitude to the past. "They" know what it was like, how we lived etc. They have got our past very badly wrong and just can't bring themselves to admit it. There are many many artifacts around the world which just don't fit the current established theory about the past so they are ignored.
Originally posted by Chakotay
Umm, we do.
using traditional meridian patterns at specific points
The problem is not one of a mystery man seemingly advanced in medicine etc.
archeologists are yet again showing an arrogant attitude to the past
There are many many artifacts around the world which just don't fit the current established theory about the past so they are ignored.