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Thousands of years before the advent of agriculture, people were already making bread. That’s the surprising conclusion of a new study based on a curious find in northeastern Jordan. At its most basic, bread is the combination of processed cereal grains and water that have been baked, fried, or steamed. The process leaves behind telltale chemical and structural properties that researchers can use to identify the staple food. And that’s just what archaeologists found when they investigated a 14,000-year-old site known as Shubayqa 1 in Jordan’s Black Desert. The inhabitants, who were hunter-gatherers, left their home in a hurry, with the contents of their most recent meal still smoldering in two sunken fireplaces (one pictured). With the help of a scanning electron microscope, which uses a beam of electrons to return incredibly intricate zoomed-in images, the researchers identified 24 pieces of char that were decidedly breadlike. Though the bread’s exact grain remains unknown, its cellular structure resembles cereal grain species such as wild einkorn, rye, or millet, and it was likely an unleavened, flatbread. Some pieces incorporated root starches as well.
originally posted by: TEOTWAWKIAIFF
a reply to: skywatcher44
Every culture has a version of fried bread! Whether it is unleavened, deep fried, slammed against an oven wall, or topped with tomatoes, cheese, and pepperoni, seems like every culture worldwide loves fried bread in one form or another!
Or an MLT. Mutton-lettuce-tomato sandwich where the mutton is nice and lean and the tomato is ripe!
That was a bunch of labor to go through to get bread! Seems each time we "think we know the past" the date keeps being pushed back as new discoveries are made. The list so far: first humans out of Africa, first fired pottery, first settlements in the Americas (??, I thought I saw that in the last year of two), and now bread! I am sure I am missing a few too!