It's unbelievable what imaginative, unique creatures are to be found at the ocean floor!
The Sloane's viperfish can make nightly migrations from bathypelagic depths to near surface waters.
Anglerfish are bony fish named for their characteristic mode of predation, in which a fleshy growth from the fish's head acts as a lure. Anglerfish
occur worldwide. Some are pelagic (dwelling away from the sea floor), while others are benthic (dwelling close to the sea floor); some live in the
deep sea, while others on the continental shelf. Pelagic forms are most laterally compressed, whereas the benthic forms are often extremely
dorsoventrally compressed (depressed), often with large upward-pointing mouths.
Fangtooths are beryciform fish of the family Anoplogastridae (sometimes spelled "Anoplogasteridae") that live in the deep sea. The name is from
Greek anoplo meaning "unarmed" and gaster meaning "stomach".
Red-lipped batfish are closely related to rosy-lipped batfish, which are found near Cocos Island off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. This fish is
mainly known for its bright red lips. Batfish are not good swimmers; they use their highly adapted pectoral fins to "walk" on the ocean floor. When
the batfish reaches maturity, its dorsal fin becomes a single spine-like projection (thought to function primarily as a lure for prey). Like other
anglerfish, the red-lipped batfish has a structure on its head known as illicium. This structure is employed for attracting prey.
The striated frogfish or hairy frogfish is a small fish that grows up to 22 cm (8.7 in) long. Like other members of its family, it has a rounded,
extensible body, and its soft skin is covered with irregularly-arranged dermal spinules resembling hairs. Its large mouth is forwardly extensible,
allowing it to swallow prey as large as itself. The coloring of its body is extremely variable because individual fish tend to match their living
environments. Frogfishes have the capacity to change coloration and pigment pattern, taking only a few weeks to adapt.
The black dragonfish is a barbeled dragonfish found in southern subtropical and temperate oceans between latitudes 25°S and 60°E, at depths down to
2,000 metres (6,600 ft). The species is sexually dimorphic: females are black with six stripes; male are brown, and lack the females' canine teeth,
pelvic fins and barbel. Females are believed to make a diel vertical migration from deeper than 500 metres (1,600 ft) by day to surface waters at
night, whereas males do not migrate, remaining below 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) at all times.
The warty frogfish grows up to 15 cm (5.9 in) long. Like other members of its family, it has a globulous, extensible body, and its soft skin is
covered with small dermal spinules. The skin is covered with numerous small, wart-like protuberances. Its large prognathous mouth allows it to consume
prey its same size. The coloring of its body is extremely variable because it tends to match its living environment.
The illuminated netdevil is an anglerfish found in all tropical and subtropical oceans at depths below 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in the Bathyal zone. Its
length is up to 77 mm (3 inches). The female is significantly larger than the mature, parasitic male.
The longlure frogfish is a species of frogfish in the genus Antennarius found in the western Atlantic from Bermuda and the Bahamas, south along the
coasts of Central and South America, to Brazil around warm shallow reefs with abundant sponge populations at depths less than 215 feet (66 m).
Lasiognathus saccostoma is a species of wolftrap angler known from the eastern central Pacific Ocean and tropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean. It is
found at depths to 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). The females of this species grow to a length of 7.7 centimetres (3.0 in) SL. This species has a slender,
compressed prolongation at the tip of its elongated, cylindrical distal escal appendage, with numerous lateral serrations and distal filaments. Unlike
in L. amphirhamphus, there are three escal hooks and they are darkly pigmented. The posterior escal appendage is broad and laterally compressed, and
relatively larger than in L. amphirhamphus.
The sea pig is a genus of deep-sea sea cucumbers. They have particularly enlarged tube feet that have taken on a leg-like appearance, and are the only
instance of legged locomotion amongst the holothurians, using water cavities within the skin (rather than within the leg itself) to inflate and
deflate the appendages.
The Polychaeta, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a paraphyletic class of annelid worms, generally marine. Each body segment has a
pair of fleshy protrusions called parapodia that bear many bristles, called chaetae, which are made of chitin. As such, polychaetes are sometimes
referred to as bristle worms. More than 10,000 species are described in this class. Common representatives include the lugworm (Arenicola marina) and
the sandworm or clam worm Alitta.
The goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni) is a rare species of deep-sea shark. Sometimes called a "living fossil", it is the only extant representative
of the family Mitsukurinidae, a lineage some 125 million years old. This pink-skinned animal has a distinctive profile with an elongated, flattened
snout, and highly protrusible jaws containing prominent nail-like teeth. It is usually between 3 and 4 m (10 and 13 ft) long when mature, though it
can grow considerably larger. Goblin sharks inhabit upper continental slopes, submarine canyons, and seamounts throughout the world at depths greater
than 100 m (330 ft), with adults found deeper than juveniles.
The Dumbo Octopus. The name "dumbo" originates from their resemblance to the title character of Disney's 1941 film Dumbo, having a prominent
ear-like fin which extends from the mantle above each eye. There are 13 species recognized in the genus. Prey include crustaceans, bivalves, worms and
copepods.The average life span of various Grimpoteuthis species is 3 to 5 years. All species of Grimpoteuthis live at depths of 3,000 to 4,000 metres
(9,800 to 13,100 ft) with some living up to 7,000 metres (23,000 ft) below sea level, which is the deepest of any known octopus.
The vampire squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis, lit. "vampire squid from Hell") is a small cephalopod found throughout temperate and tropical oceans
in extreme deep sea conditions. Unique retractile sensory filaments justify the vampire squid's placement in its own order, Vampyromorphida, as it
shares similarities with both octopuses and squid. As a phylogenetic relict, it is the only known surviving member of its order.
The colossal squid, sometimes called the Antarctic squid or giant cranch squid, is believed to be the largest squid species in terms of mass. It is
the only known member of the genus Mesonychoteuthis. It is known from only a few specimens, and current estimates put its maximum size at 12–14 m
(39–46 ft) long and weighing possibly up to 750 kilograms (1,650 lb.)