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The Druze community in Israel is officially recognized as a separate religious entity with its own courts (with jurisdiction in matters of personal status - marriage, divorce, maintenance and adoption) and spiritual leadership. Their culture is Arab and their language Arabic but they opted against mainstream Arab nationalism in 1948 and have since served (first as volunteers, later within the draft system) in the Israel Defense Forces and the Border Police.
Tenets and Precepts The Druze religion has no ceremonies or rituals, and no obligation to perform precepts in public. The main tenets that obligate all Druze, both uqqal and juhal, are: Speaking the truth (instead of prayer) Supporting your brethren (instead of charity) Abandoning the old creeds (instead of fasting) Purification from heresy (instead of pilgrimage) Accepting the unity of God Submitting to the will of God (instead of holy war)
Maronites and martyrs
By way of squaring accounts with the Druse tribes, the Maronite bishops have united in demanding of the Turkish and French forces in Syria the slaughter of four thousand Druses, to balance the massacres which those other barbarians committed last summer on the Maronites. It appears, however, that the Druses slew the Maronites in self-defence, or at least under bodily fear, into which they had been thrown by a pastoral of the Right Reverend Sephronius, Bishop of Tyre and Sidon, inviting his flock, on a day appointed, to rise upon the Druses, and, with a view to plundering their property, to slay them. To enforce this exhortation, the Bishop chiefly insisted on the argument that the Druses were a race neither warlike nor numerous,and therefore might be robbed and murdered with great facility.