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Scientists have unveiled an extraordinary new analysis of thousands of stone tools found at a site called Attirampakkam in India, northwest of Chennai in Tamil Nadu. Thanks to new dating techniques, a team led by archaeologist Shanti Pappu determined that most of the tools are between 385,000 and 172,000 years old. What makes these dates noteworthy is that they upend the idea that tool-making was transformed in India after an influx of modern Homo sapiens came from Africa starting about 130,000 years ago.
According to these findings, hominins in India were making tools that looked an awful lot like what people were making in Africa almost 250,000 years before they encountered modern humans. This is yet another piece of evidence that the "out of Africa" process was a lot messier and more complex than previously thought.
The hominins who made tools at Attirampakkam made a wide variety of items, some of which closely resembled the Middle Paleolithic style that emerged in Africa around 300,000 years ago.
A traditional "out of Africa" hypothesis holds that early humans in India were essentially stuck in the biface age, making their elementary axes until modern Homo sapiens swarmed the subcontinent about 130,000 years ago and brought the wonders of Middle Paleolithic tools to everyone. Except Pappu and her team found a mix of bifaces and Middle Paleolithic tools at Attirampakkam. Somehow, African and Indian hominins were developing the same toolmaking skills at roughly the same time.
This changes our understanding of human development and ancient migration patterns. There is no doubt that a massive number of modern humans poured out of Africa about 100,000 years ago. But they weren't necessarily as important to global cultural development as we might think.
Regardless of who these early humans were, it's certain that they were already engaged in modern human toolmaking before Homo sapiens arrived from Africa. What's fascinating about the Attirampakkam site is that the evidence suggests that the people there may have started migrating en masse at the same time Africans did
originally posted by: St Udio
a reply to: dug88
the better explanation is that both populations either were both enlightened in tool making at the same time or that each population (India & Africa) descended into their own version of a 'dark Age' as the two once higher-societies continued Its' degeneration from a 'lost' period of civilization they both once had
originally posted by: IgnoranceIsntBlisss
a reply to: St Udio
"Atlantis" was probably only Minoa / Thera.
The Greeks were also familiar with the Minoans
retained memories of their civilization, as evidenced from the myth of Theseus and the Minotaur