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Paper about the CIA

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posted on Feb, 15 2005 @ 12:26 AM
Can yall help me proof read this. Its about the origins of teh CIA and how they are workin gnow. Real short essay nothing deep jsut basic facts.

“And ye shall know the truth and the truth shall set you free.” This phrase is inscribed into the wall of the Central Intelligence Agencies headquarters in Langley, Virginia. This is the agencies motto that they adhere to and believe in. This is the representation of the mindset of the CIA itself. They believe by being the eyes and ears of America they will keep safe and free. That is the reason the Government and the American people believe in the numerous agents out in the field who sacrifice their time and energy in hopes of keeping America safe.
The CIA, many believe, is the most critical element in the security of the United States. They are the ones who give the military the upper hand in times of war, they protect the citizens of the United States from foreign threat, and they protect our essential liberties and freedoms from all those who desperately want to destroy them. The act of collecting intelligence has been around since the times of the Roman. America has been using spies ever since its creation. One notable spy during the American Revolution was Nathan Hale with the quote, “I regret that I have but one life to give for my country.” The true creation of an American intelligence was during World War II, The Office of Strategic Services. The OSS was soon transformed in the what we know as the CIA (Waller, 26).
The OSS was created in the middle of World War II. This was the forunner of the CIA and was created on June 13, 1942 with William Donovan as its director. The OSS was created to collect and analyze strategic information required by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and to conduct special operations not assigned to other agencies. During the War, the OSS supplied the hierarchy with facts and estimates. The OSS helped arm, train and supply anti-Japanese and anti-German groups, including Mao Tse Tung's Communist Forces in China.
In October 1945 the OSS was disbanded and its functions were transferred to the Departments of State and War and the FBI. In 1947 the National Security Act established America's first permanent peacetime intelligence agency, the Central Intelligence Agency, which took up the functions of the OSS (CIA, 2).
The CIA did not take long to establish. One major topic though of the new agency was who would run it. The founder of the OSS William Donovan wanted to head it while J. Edgar Hoover also wanted to take control (Trento, 41). The CIA’s first Director of Central Intelligence was Rear Adm. Sidney W. Souers (CIA, 6). The CIA foremost objective was to secure the passage of German scientist to America (Trento, 51). This objective was further focused on with PROJECT PAPERCLIP. The CIA did safely apprehend Nazi’s that were crucial to US security. This was the CIA aim until they discovered the Soviets were stealing secrets from them and have during the Alliance in World War II. While the CIA was scrambling still trying to smuggle Germans out of the Eastern Zone of Berlin and following the paper trails to the imbedded Soviet agents in the American Intelligence community, the agency was rife with failures. The two biggest failures in the Intelligence community was the toppling of the Chinese by communism and the Russian explosion of their first Atomic bomb (Trento, 70). This initiated the beginning of the golden age of spying, the Cold War. The CIA was used greatly in the Cold War by providing intelligence to policy makers in the Congress and the White House and their involvement in covert assignments. Many of the assignment the CIA was involved in are still classified but we do know of many of them. The CIA staged many coups and assassinations including ones in Guatemala, Indonesia, Dominican, Vietnam, Chile, Iran, Nicaragua, Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, El Salvador, and Iraq. Many of the coups were moves to counter Soviet coups, assassination, and puppet governments (Waller, 26). This is the way the Cold War was fought, by the fighting of third parties trained by the American and Soviet intelligence agencies. Spies were also a critical part of the Cold War. Each side wanted to be ahead of the other and would do anything to secure their position on the top. This lead to gathering of intelligence, counter-intelligence, and espionage. This lead to the classic stereotype of spies liken to James Bond. The intelligence underworld was much less embellished and attractive then the movies portray it to be. The Cold War followed the same game of cat and mouse all the way into the fall of 1989. On November 9, 1989 the Berlin wall that had long separated not only East and West Germany had finally fallen causing the end of the Cold War (Trento, 456).
The end of the Cold War quickly closed the Golden Age of spying. The Agency no long need to keep the copious amount of field agents and translators it once had to process the information that was gathered from the now dismantled Russian government. The CIA began to greatly cut back on its intelligence gathering and was now mostly working out of US Embassies under the guise of Ambassadors (Weller, 22). The intelligence agency began a steady decline in budget and agents until 1997 when George Tenet took the reigns of the CIA and began to move the CIA back into the field. The CIA was slowly revamping and becoming stronger. The growth was slow until September 11, 2001. This tragic even in American history not only changed the agency but the entire country as well. The CIA role since the Cold War as a responsive agency made a one-hundred and eighty degree turn to becoming an agency that once again pursued the enemy before he could harm America. The CIA is a vital part in the war on terrorism. Not only do they give intelligence to the Army, Navy, and Air Force but they also pursue these enemies of the state. They have agents on the ground but also alternative means of tracking down the enemy through satellites, phone records, and unmanned drones (Weller, 24-25). This is how the CIA is currently fighting the war on terror but the agency will soon undergo even more changes because of the Suggestions of the 9-11 commission. The commission suggests the cooperation of the CIA with the FBI and more communication between intelligence agencies. They also suggest that the CIA become part of an even larger intelligence community that is a cabinet level position. Prior to the commission reports the CIA was the culmination of all the independent intelligence agencies. Under this new Intelligence Community not only will the CIA be under them but also the intelligence agencies of the Department of Defense and any of branches of government (Kean, 1).



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