Originally posted by Leveller
ML. In your opinion, did Crowley have any influence over any of Hitler's philosophy or did the latter gain the majority of his thought from
Hitler was an avowed Nietzschean, but this matter is rather complicated. Hitler kept a bust of Nietzsche on his desk, and, according to Third Reich
historian William Shirer, would often "gaze at it in rapture". Furthermore, Nietzsche's sister was a close associate of Hitler's in the early
years of the Reich. She was elderly at the time, but as an anti-Semite, she was all too happy to twist her deceased brother's philosophy to suit
Hitler probably first became familiar with Nietzche's writings during WWI, as an army corporal, when German soldiers famously carried copies of
"Thus Spake Zarathustra" with them wherever they went.
The problem with all this is that the Nazis' use of Nietzsche was a complete distortion (similar to the distortion of Marx by the Stalinists). To
begin with, Nietzsche deplored anti-Semitism, and had called the Jews "the most noble race in Europe". In fact, he ended his friendship with the
composer Richard Wagner in part because of the latter's anti-Semitism.
Furthermore, Nietzsche's idea of the Germans was the exact opposite of Hitler's. Hitler considered the Germans the "master race", while Nietzsche
considered his countrymen to be decadent idiots. Nietzsche praised the French for their culture, and Hitler despised it.
In essence, the appropriation of Nietzsche by the Nazis was actually based on a straw man. The Nazis made sure Nietzsche's books were readily
available, yet they were heavily censored, and in cases completely rewritten. Nietzsche's sister, who had always been rather deranged, gave Hitler
her blessings on bastardizing her brother's philosophy.
As for Crowley, I do not know if Hitler was aware of him or his writings, but Crowley certainly was aware of Hitler. Karl Germer, Crowley's right
hand man for the O.T.O. in Germany at the time, was arrested by the Gestapo for belonging to "secret societies which oppose National Socialism", and
was sent to a concentration camp in Poland, where he eventually escaped, and made it to the USA. Furthermore, General Fuller, the celebrated military
genius who helped orchestrate the British resistance to the Luftwaffe attacks, was Crowley's Deputy in London for the A.'.A.'., the Golden Dawn
Order he founded.
In the 1938 printing of Crowley's Liber AL vel Legis
by the O.T.O. in England, Crowley wrote in the preface:
Ferocious Fascism, cackling Communism, equally frauds, cavort crazily around the globe. They are hemming us in.
They are abortive births of the Child, the New Aeon of Horus.
Liberty stirs once more in the womb of Time.
Evolution makes its changes by anti-Socialistic ways. The 'abnormal' man who forsees the trend of the times and adepts circumstances intelligently,
is laughed at, persecuted, often destroyed by the herd; but he and his heirs, when the crisis comes, are survivors.
Above us to-day hangs a danger never yet paralleled in history. We suppress the individual in more and more ways. We think in terms of the herd. War
no longer kills soldiers; it kills all indiscriminately. Every new measure of the most democratic and autocratic governments is Communistic in
essence. It is always restriction. Dora, the Shops Act, the Motoring Laws, Sunday suffocation, the Censorship - they won't trust us to cross the
roads at will.
Fascism is like Communism, and dishonest into the bargain. The dictators suppress all art, literature, theatre, music, news, that does not meet their
requirements; yet the world only moves by the light of genius...
In the words of the famous paradox of the Comte de Fenix - The absolute rule of the state shall be a function of the absolute liberty of each
All men and women are invited to co-operate with the Master Therion in this, the Great Work.
- Liber Al vel Legis by Aleister Crowley, 1938 O.T.O., p. 14