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Engineers Just Unveiled The First-Ever Design of a Complete Quantum Computer Chip

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posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 03:23 PM
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Researchers from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) have come up with a new kind of architecture that uses standard semiconductors common to modern processors to perform quantum calculations.

Details aside, it basically means the power of quantum computing can be unlocked using the same kinds of technology that forms the foundation of desktop computers and smart phones.
...

"Our chip blueprint incorporates a new type of error-correcting code designed specifically for spin qubits, and involves a sophisticated protocol of operations across the millions of qubits."

This technology is the first attempt to put all of the conventional silicon circuitry needed to control and read the millions of qubits needed for quantum computing onto one chip.

In simple terms, conventional silicon transistors are used to control a flat grid of qubits in much the same way logic gates manage bits inside your desktop's processors.

"By selecting electrodes above a qubit, we can control a qubit's spin, which stores the quantum binary code of a 0 or 1," explains lead author of the study, Menno Veldhorst, who conducted the research while at UNSW.

"And by selecting electrodes between the qubits, two-qubit logic interactions, or calculations, can be performed between qubits."

ScienceAlert.com, Dec. 15, 2017 - BREAKING: Engineers Just Unveiled The First-Ever Design of a Complete Quantum Computer Chip.

Nature.com - Silicon CMOS architecture for a spin-based quantum computer.

YouTube - World's first complete design of a silicon quantum computer chip


Wow! Just wow! They created the design for a chip that incorporates all the items necessary to make a universal quantum computer.

As stated, they incorporate error correction into the chip itself freeing qubits from having to baby-sit each other. Typically, one qubit will be responsible for keeping a watch on three to five qubits. By placing that into the chip itself that frees up the electron (the quantum spin of the electron is the actual qubit) to be used for calculations.

This is a two dimensional array of qubits that are set and read by the transistor below. They did not specify the array size but he says, "millions of qubits" so there is a vast amount.

They also did not say so I am assuming that this design still has to be super cooled.

The "silicon chip" is complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) substrate. We already have been working in that substance for decades. The qubits are microwave trapped above the transistor that reads/sets them. That is also where the error correcting circuit is. I am assuming the rest of the chip is also put to use in data transfer and storage, etc. They are also using quantum dots. Each section would handle 63 x 63 nm of space so there would multiple arrays across the surface.

While IBM and Google are fighting to demonstrate quantum supremacy (the state where quantum technology reliably out performs today's super computers), the crazy Aussies went and did this: designed an achievable quantum computer using today's known and proven tech!

Now to get to the fun stuff and actually building one!





posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 03:24 PM
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I hate to post and run but have an errand to run! Be back in a couple hours to see how this thread is doing!




posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 03:29 PM
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a reply to: TEOTWAWKIAIFF

And last week Micro$oft released their programming tools for Quantum computing add-ons for Visual Studio.

Goodbye cryptocurrencies.




posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 03:32 PM
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a reply to: TEOTWAWKIAIFF

Well if it does what it says on the tin, this type of processor quite possibly will make the encryption behind every internet transaction obsolete overnight.

However, the question begs, can it run triple-A titles at 144 fps at 4K?



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 03:56 PM
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I was watching a YouTube video of a tour of a quantum computer, and it was fairly large. This is because it had to be super-cooled and the refrigerator was the size of a room. The chip itself was the size of a thin wafer. Do you think the cooling systems will ever get smaller, or that the chips won't need cooling systems? I'll go ahead and guess no for both? So does this chip seriously have over a million qubits?
edit on 15pmFri, 15 Dec 2017 15:57:10 -0600kbpmkAmerica/Chicago by darkbake because: (no reason given)



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 04:09 PM
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This is the way every technology is going - being made using standard manufacturing processes and MEMS (micro electro-mechanical systems). Everything from accelerometers, inertial navigation, microphones, energy harvesting. micro-mirror display projectors, ultrasound transducers.

Now they can add quantum computing to this list.



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 04:18 PM
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a reply to: darkbake

In the 1970's I remember hearing them talking about anti-stokes laser cooling of superinsulated thin films.
I think this technology was what sent Ted Kaczynski over the edge.



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 04:22 PM
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a reply to: darkbake

The design is modular. It takes some space for all the connections, controls, qubits, then if need more, you make another plot and connect them together.

Connect enough plots together and you scale up. I think that number is overkill but they believe achievable.

What one would do with a million qubits is the question!



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 04:35 PM
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Then there's this

Cnet


IBM's quantum computers have taken a step out of the lab and into the real world as Samsung, Daimler, Honda, JP Morgan Chase, Barclays and others have signed up to use the exotic machines for research. Big Blue has ridden many waves of technology -- the mainframe, the PC, cloud computing, blockchain, among others. Now IBM is betting quantum computing will be one of the next big businesses.

The partnerships with big-name global corporations, announced Thursday, show some powerful customers are willing to pay to come along for the ride. If successful, quantum computing could help solve new types of computing problems, breathing new life into an industry that today is struggling against hard physical limits to making computer chips faster, cheaper and smaller. For decades, that miniaturization trend, called Moore's Law, kept the computing industry's economic engine humming, but the hunt is on for longer-term technologies that will keep the progress coming to us all.



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 04:37 PM
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a reply to: chr0naut

They can do quantum encryption now using D-Wave.

a reply to: andy06shake

No man made machine can do 144 FPS at 4K!!



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 04:50 PM
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a reply to: Thorneblood

The race is on with the Chinese: build the first universal quantum computer.

People have this notion that the US is behind the curve. IBM, google, MIT, Rigetti, Rice U, and that one in Chicago all beg to differ.

Daimler, Samsung, JP Morgan, et. al., know that falling behind isn’t an option.

This is our space race!!



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 05:36 PM
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posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 06:35 PM
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The last design using current tech was huge. A guy went through the steps of designing a universal quantum computer and documenting it. It was the size of a soccer field. That was earlier this year!!

singularityhub.com...

(Hope the link works! Singularity Hub, Feb. 9, “blueprint for a quantum computer the size of a soccer field”)

Amazing the difference a few months makes!



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 07:05 PM
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originally posted by: TEOTWAWKIAIFF
a reply to: chr0naut

They can do quantum encryption now using D-Wave.

...


Yes, but what happens to the value of all conventionally mined coin when they start mining with quantum computers?

The entire theoretical maximum coins would be generated so quickly that conventional coin would tumble.



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 08:25 PM
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originally posted by: chr0naut

originally posted by: TEOTWAWKIAIFF
a reply to: chr0naut

They can do quantum encryption now using D-Wave.

...


Yes, but what happens to the value of all conventionally mined coin when they start mining with quantum computers?

The entire theoretical maximum coins would be generated so quickly that conventional coin would tumble.


It would go the other way first . As the coins were mined, the price would go up and up, everyone will keep holding on to their coins as the prices go up. They might diversify into other cryptocurrencies to spread their bets.



posted on Dec, 15 2017 @ 09:59 PM
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a reply to: stormcell

Nope. I always thought it was a pyramid scheme.

And it is RSA encryption that is gone. Which is no big thing because if someone figures out how to decompose composite numbers it dies anyways.

They have about, at max, a ten year window before it is demonstrated. Probably more like five. Or two.

Our world is about to change!



posted on Dec, 16 2017 @ 06:51 AM
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a reply to: TEOTWAWKIAIFF

Combine this type of processing power with a functional artificial intelligence, on par or that supersedes our own, and it may very well bring about the singularity.

Obviously, rather a few hurdles to get over first, but the potential is there, and the software development is being done.

Certainly, interesting time in which we live considering quantum supremacy might be just around the corner.
edit on 16-12-2017 by andy06shake because: (no reason given)



posted on Dec, 16 2017 @ 07:04 AM
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Received: 21 June 2017
Accepted: 24 October 2017
Published online: 15 December 2017


nice delay.
edit on 16/12/2017 by jedi_hamster because: (no reason given)



posted on Dec, 16 2017 @ 07:12 AM
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originally posted by: TEOTWAWKIAIFF
They also did not say so I am assuming that this design still has to be super cooled.


of course they did say:

We assume that the complete structure is maintained at cryogenic temperatures (∼1 K or less) inside an electron spin resonance (ESR) system, which will be used to apply qubit control pulses.



originally posted by: TEOTWAWKIAIFF
While IBM and Google are fighting to demonstrate quantum supremacy (the state where quantum technology reliably out performs today's super computers), the crazy Aussies went and did this: designed an achievable quantum computer using today's known and proven tech!


also not true. further technological advances are needed before a chip like that can be even produced. sure, it's a realistic design (assuming no errors in it), based on current knowledge - but not exactly on current technology.

you would know all that, if you would bother to read the whole paper before posting your hype-fueling thread.
edit on 16/12/2017 by jedi_hamster because: (no reason given)



posted on Dec, 16 2017 @ 07:13 AM
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originally posted by: chr0naut
a reply to: TEOTWAWKIAIFF

And last week Micro$oft released their programming tools for Quantum computing add-ons for Visual Studio.

Goodbye cryptocurrencies.




I guess we can look forward to seeing the "every single colour of the visible spectrum screen of death" soon, then.







 
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