It looks like you're using an Ad Blocker.
Please white-list or disable AboveTopSecret.com in your ad-blocking tool.
Some features of ATS will be disabled while you continue to use an ad-blocker.
From the antique times the divine-name Mercurius with its variants has been explained on the basis of the words as merx, mercātus "purchase; market", mercātor "merchant, trader", mercēs,"earnings, wage, rent"
Hittite mark- "to divide, separate; distribute, apportion; cut up, butcher" compares directly this verb with Latin merx"trade, goods" and mentions the exclusive parallelism between Latin commercārī "to trade, buy up" vs. Hittite -kan mark-, the term used in the Hittite meat industry
Hittite Markuwaya- ‘deity in depth of the earth’ this deity is described in its plurality, as a group of servants of one of the ‘main’ gods Iyarri
In the Old Prussian pantheon it is possible to identify the deity *Mark`potis or*Mark`polis ‘god of wealth & nobility’ and / or " earth god"
The hypothetical Indo-Iranian counterparts are limited only to the world of death and destruction: Old Indic Márka- "a demon presiding various sicknesses of childhood; marká- "seizure", i.e. "eclipse (of sun); annihilation, death", mahrka- "death, destruction", marəkaē-čə "and in ruin"
Erra among all the gods, among the stars of heaven, the Fox Star Was shining bright and its radiance shone for him. The stars of all the gods were dazzling, the star of Erra is shining bright and its radiant brightness was of warfare, his awe-inspiring brilliance will blaze and all people will perish. among the beasts, the image of their star is the fox
Raging storms, evil gods are they, ruthless demons, who in heaven's vault were created, are they, workers of evil are they, they lift up the head to evil, every day to evil Destruction to work.
Of these seven the first is the South wind, the second is a dragon, whose mouth is opened that none can measure, the third is a grim leopard, which carries off the young, the fourth is a terrible Shibbu, the fifth is a furious Wolf, who knoweth not to flee, the sixth is a rampant ... which marches against god and king. the seventh is a storm, an evil wind, which takes vengeance.
They – the Nabataeans – prepare common meals together in groups of thirteen persons; and they have two girl-singers for each banquet. The king holds many drinking bouts in magnificent style, but no one drinks more than eleven cupfuls, each time using a different golden cup. The king is so democratic that, in addition to serving himself, he sometimes even serves the rest himself in turn’
In biblical time the spirits called upon were not so much the spirits of the newly deceased as spirits from a far and distant past. The rephaim are little spirits of fertility Like other demons they are living in and moving through "the air" at which they arrive after a 3-day journey from the underworld.
"You are summoned oh rephaim of the underworld" . But apart from the rephaim also some past and present kings are summoned, and the king is invited to descend with Shapshu (the sun) to the underworld. D
It is not possible to deny a strong connection between the often rather rich and lodge-like marzeah institutions in the West Semitic area and the cult of the rephaim invited to marzeah
In balance to this was also the Heptad of Istar correlating to the stars of the Pleiades and that balance also seen in the cult of Artemis and Apollo, or Telepinu and Inara and these related to the soul generated within physical nature and it's cyclic rebirth through darkness to light, Inara as the sister of the hunter Telepinu was expected to cause the prey to jump into her brothers hunting bag as it were, nature in harmony, and that of course involved respect to Inara as Mistress of the Beasts.
originally posted by: Kantzveldt
a reply to: Argentbenign
The skull and bones is naturally a symbol of death, but the point directly equated with death and the Underworld was Celestial North, and the crossing of the thigh bones towards indicating four directions correlates with Ursa Major also involving that symbolic function, the four directions indicate not only cyclic progression through the four quarters of the day and four quarters of the year, but also cyclic progression through death and rebirth, that doesn't make it a symbol of merchants per se only that their origins related to the general principles correlated to Ursa Major, hunting and butchery leading to cyclic re-distribution within nature, and that seen within the etymology of Mercury itself.
Mercury was literally the term that relates to this process and the best correspondence is through the Anatolian early Indo-European Markuwaya which do directly relate to the stars of Ursa Major and therefore death, the Mesopotamian Nergal is the God of the underworld and bringer of death and the closest equivalent therefore, you need to make your reservations more specific however.
Also i'm not sure which early pirates you're referring to, those of Cillicia...?
reconstructing *Mār-pecolis where the latter component should correspond to the divine name Pecols "Pluto", cf. also Pocols "Furiae", Pocclum "deum inferni et tenebrarum" & Poccollum "deum ajriorum spirituum"