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The criminal mind On the outside, violent offenders come in all shapes, sizes, colors and ages. But on the inside, research finds that they may share some traits. Here’s a look at some of the biological risk factors psychologists and others have linked to violence — and the interventions they’re testing to reduce that risk. February 2014, Vol 45, No. 2 Print version: page 39 On the outside, violent offenders come in all shapes, sizes, colors and ages. But on the inside, research finds that they may share some traits. Here's a look at some of the biological risk factors psychologists and others have linked to violence — and the interventions they're testing to reduce that risk. Brain structure and function The amygdala — a part of the brain involved in fear, aggression and social interactions — is implicated in crime. Among the research that points to this link is a neuroimaging study led by Dustin Pardini, PhD, of the University of Pittsburgh. His team found that 26-year-old men with lower amygdala volumes were more than three times more likely to be aggressive, violent and to show psychopathic traits three years later than men of the same age with more normal-sized amygdalas — independent of factors including history of violence and social background (Biological Psychiatry, 2013). Other research, such as an fMRI study led by psychologist Andrea Glenn, PhD, of the University of Alabama, suggest that amygdala functioning — not just size — is also more likely to be reduced among those with psychopathic tendencies (Molecular Psychiatry, 2009). At least one study indicates that such deficits may appear long before people commit crimes. Adrian Raine, DPhil, of the department of criminology at the University of Pennsylvania, led a study with Yu Gao, PhD, at CUNY-Brooklyn that examined fear conditioning, which is dependent on amygdala function, in a group of 1,795 3-year-olds. The researchers put electrodes on the children's fingers while repeatedly playing two tones: one that was followed by a loud, unpleasant sound and another that was played alone. Subsequently, the difference in sweat responses to each tone by itself yielded a measure of each toddler's fear conditioning. Twenty years later, the team identified participants who had gone on to commit crimes and compared them with noncriminal counterparts, matching them on gender, ethnicity and social adversity. They found that those children who went on to commit crimes had "simply failed" to demonstrate fear conditioning, Raine says. In other words, they were fearless when most of us would be fearful. This finding suggests that deficits in the amygdala, which are indirectly identifiable as early as age 3, predispose to crime at age 23 (The American Journal of Psychiatry, 2010). The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), which plays a major role in behavior regulation and impulsivity, has also been linked to crime. Psychologist Kent Kiehl, PhD, and colleagues at the University of New Mexico used fMRI to look at the brains of nearly 100 adult male inmates while they completed a cognitive task involving inhibitory control. They found that prisoners with lower ACC activity were twice as likely to reoffend four years after they left prison than prisoners with higher ACC activity (PNAS, 2013). While such studies need replication and extension, Raine says, they are "proof of the concept that there may be added value with bringing on board neurobiological information, including brain imaging information, for future prediction of violence."
originally posted by: Notably0ffbeat
A criminal is one that commits a crime. A crime is an act that is considered wrong by an authority. That authority is based on a complex and ever changing system of public opinions (laws)
so I would say that anyone that doesn't give authority to public opinions of right and wrong would have a criminal mind.
originally posted by: DeathSlayer
a reply to: randyvs
Have you ever heard the term, "Publish or Perish"? Many resident professors are REQUIRED to publish articles. white papers, and a book or two every so often otherwise they can/will be replaced with one that does making the smartest people in their field writing about NEW THEORIES from one study or even more and with "their" approach makes it a fact.... and here is the error in science.
So to reiterate a criminal mind to 1 is basically a mind state of a being or beings that feel it/they can break any law without persecution.
I'd imagine resentment and being a product of their environment from a young age could possibly be a couple of the numerious reason a criminal mind is born. You hear everyone shout these days about bullies and shaming them, but what if the bully is beat at home and then emotionally scared with, words like a love you in the same breath but never talks about it? Is he/she still wrong since that's how they perceive love to be. Same with the criminal who steals, is he/she wrong for taking from a source with plenty when they have nothing in a system that won't provide the help. It's easy for a judge high up in his/her seat in their well off lives to cast the law down on a broken person. Perception has a lot to answer for. Granted some peoples action are hard to explain but just like animals I'm sure people stuck on a rock floating in space with nowhere to go feel trapped and give up at times, so f*** it is a constant thought. A criminal can be made from someone not putting sugar in anothers coffee, killing the barista. That couldve been a long line of actions that broke the camels back, like a lion who turns on the lion tamers after years of the small whips. As someone said above it's all down to public opinions and preceptions of the law. Another example, sorry haha. If someone went around killing all the peadophiles they found, would he/she be a hero to society as 90% of peadophiles will reoffend or are they deemed an evil person and deserve life in jail? What if someone kills your child in a cold act, are you a criminal for seeking justice that you deem right yet outside the perimeters of the law? It's all perception and i guess in that moment you need to be that person to understand their actions whether malicious or justified in their own heads. Wrongs can always be rights depending the shoes you're wearing.