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Ayatollah is a high-ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin.
The end of Bazargan's government officially marked the end of state-directed secularism in Iran. In February 1980 the Islamic Republican Party established the current theocratic government of Iran, with Ayatollah Khomeini as Supreme Leader of Iran. Secular opposition to the Islamist government of the Islamic Republic of Iran had been active in the country up until 1984, afterwards they were branded heretics and apostates by the clerical hierarchy, and eventually jailed, executed or exiled.
Secularism in Iran
Up to four outstanding mathematicians can be honored at once, but 2014 is the first time a woman has been honored with the prize.Maryam Mirzakhani is a professor at Stanford Universitywho was recognized for "her outstanding contributions to the dynamics and geometry of Riemann surfaces and their moduli spaces.”
Maryam Mirzakhani (Persian: مریم میرزاخانی), born on May 3, 1977,is an Iranian-American mathematician and a professor of mathematics at Stanford University. Her research topics include Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.
originally posted by: OccamsRazor04
a reply to: CriticalStinker
Do you know much about the Kurds?