This is the fifteenth thread in the series on the ABC Preon Model. Links to earlier threads will appear in the comment below.
The W, Z, Higgs and top quark signatures have been described in previous threads of this series as arising from the production of free preons. We have
seen that two free preons can give rise to the W and Z signature
, three free preons
can give rise to the Higgs signature
, and four free preons can give rise to the
top quark signature
. But each of these observed signatures involve very specific
preons. In the general case there should be many more similar signals.
Two-Preon AB Signatures.
We can have the following two preon signatures in the ABC Preon Model: 1) a W- (or W+) signature at 80.4 GeV/c^2
resulting from a free anti-A (or A) and a free B (or anti-B) preon; 2) a Z signature at 91.2 GeV/c^2 resulting from the production of a free anti-A
and a free A preon; and 3) a Z* signature resulting from the production of a free anti-B and a free B preon that has not been seen to date. With a
mass of the B and anti-B preons of 34.8 GeV/c^2, this latter prediction should occur at a center of mass energy of 69.6 GeV/c^2. The Z* should involve
decay channels similar to that of the Z, but at lower total center of mass energy.
Three-Preon AB Signatures.
We have seen in thread 13
that the Higgs signature
is the result of the formation of a free B, a free anti-A and a free A. Such a signature is predicted to occur at a center of mass equal to the sum of
the masses of the B, anti-A and A, or at about 126 GeV/c^2. Additionally, we should see other three-preon signatures in the future. A three B preon
event should occur at 3 x 34.8 GeV/c^2 = 104.4 GeV/c^2. A two B’s and A event should occur at 2 x 34.8 GeV/c^2 + 45.6 GeV/c^2 = 115.2 GeV/c^2. A
three A event should occur at 3 x 45.6 GeV/c^2 = 136.8 GeV/c^2. Of course, we can substitute one or more anti-A or anti-B preons for A or B preons,
respectively, and the mass value will be the same.
Four-Preon AB Signatures.
Four B’s should appear at 4 x 34.8 GeV/c^2 = 139.2 GeV/c^2. An A and three B’s should appear at 3 x 34.8 GeV/c^2
+ 45.6 GeV/c^2 = 150 GeV/c^2. Two A’s and two B’s should appear at 2 x 34.8 GeV/c^2 + 2 x 45.6 GeV/c^2 = 160.8 GeV/c^2. Three A’s and a B should
appear at 34.8 GeV/c^2 + 3 x 45.6 GeV/c^2 = 171.6 GeV/c^2. And four A’s should appear at 4 x 45.6 GeV/c^2 = 182.4 GeV/c^2. Again, one or more anti-A
or anti-B preons may be substituted for A or B preons, respectively, and the mass value will be the same.
Four-Preon ABC Signatures.
In thread 12
we see that the top quark signature
results from a free C and three free B’s, at a center of mass energy of 67.9 GeV/c^2 + 3(34.8) GeV/c^2 = 172.3 GeV/c^2. (172.3 GeV/c^2 is the sum of
the masses of the C and three B preons.) Similarly, we should see other four-preon ABC signatures in the future. A C, an A and two B’s should occur
at 67.9 GeV/c^2 + 45.6 GeV/c^2 + 2(34.8 GeV/c^2) = 183.1 GeV/c^2. A C, a B and two A’s should occur at 67.9 GeV/c^2 + 2(45.6 GeV/c^2) + 34.8 GeV/c^2
= 193.9 GeV/c^2. And a C and three A’s should occur at 67.9 GeV/c^2 + 3(45.6) GeV/c^2 = 204.7 GeV/c^2.
Two-preon AB signatures are predicted at 69.6(*), 80.4 and 91.2 GeV/c^2. The latter two of these have already been seen and
are presently known as the W and Z signatures, respectively. Three-Preon AB signatures are predicted at 104.4(*), 115.2(*), 126 and 136.8(*) GeV/c^2.
The result at 126 GeV/c^2 has already been found and is now known as the Higgs signature. Four-Preon AB signatures are predicted at 139.2(*), 150(*),
160.8, 171.6 and 182.4 GeV/c^2. The last three are presently identified as W pairs, W-Z events, and Z pairs, respectively. Four-Preon ABC signatures
are predicted at 172.3, 183.1(*), 193.9(*), and 204.7(*) GeV/c^2. The first one has been seen, and is presently known as the top quark signature. In
this paragraph I have marked with (*) those predictions that are not expected by the standard model. As can be seen, there are 16 predictions for
event energies in this thread, of which 7 are expected by the standard model.
In this thread I have focused on the predicted total mass of the events and not the various decay channels. Of course, all of the
free preon combinations mentioned here will quickly become "dressed" into photons, leptons, or hadrons in ways similar to what we've seen for the
W, Z, top, and Higgs events discussed in previous threads. (Preon/anti-preon and neutrino/neutrino pairs will form out of vacuum and then combine with
the free preons.) The simple rule is that the total neutrinic charge of final bound states are zero.
In addition to what has been described here, there are other possibilities as well. More than four preons could be formed
in a collision. C preons can form with one, two, or more other preons. C pairs could form. And many other possibilities also can happen as energies
get ever higher. Here I have listed only those events that I feel are the most likely to be seen next based upon what has recently been seen.
The Evidence So Far.
In addition to the predictions of this thread, recall that the ABC Preon Model predicts the two independent ratios for the
momentum partitioning within deep inelastic scattering.
With those two predictions,
and those of the prediction summary above, we have a total of 18 different predictions. Of those 18, nine are already seen or expected. (Z pairs, W
pairs, and WZ events are seen or expected. The W, Z, top and Higgs events and the two independent deep inelastic scattering ratios have been seen.)
The ABC Preon Model fits 8 of the 9 seen events nearly perfectly, and the ninth - the Higgs
- is fit to within three and a half standard deviations of the present measurement. And the ABC Preon Model does this with only three free
parameters (the A, B and C masses). Hence there is growing evidence that the ABC Preon Model is a correct model for what makes up our world.