This is the thirteenth thread in the series on the ABC Preon Model. Links to earlier threads will appear in the comment below.
The discovery of the Higgs Boson was announced in 2012. But, similar to the top quark discovery which was discussed in the
previous thread of this series
, the discovery of the Higgs actually involves finding
decay products, not the Higgs itself, since the Higgs decays too quickly to appear within the detector apparatus.
And once again, just as with the top quark, the ABC Preon Model can explain what is known as the Higgs signature by recognizing the formation of free
preons; this time involving an A, a B and an anti-A. The combined mass of these three preons is twice the mass of the A (2 times 45.6 GeV/c2 = 91.2
GeV/c2) plus the mass of the B (34.8 eV/c2) which leads to a total of 126.0 GeV/c2 – consistent with the mass measured for what is known as the
Higgs. But while the mass is very important to predict, it is equally important that the decay channels predicted are also those that are observed.
One of the observed decay channels is shown above. The A, B, and anti-A preons are formed from a high energy collision, with the B being knocked out
of a proton and the A and anti-A being formed from the energy of the collision. What is left of the proton, now without its B preon, is shown as well.
Then, a B / anti-B pair (virtual, or off-shell) forms out of vacuum. The B combines with what was left of the proton to create a hadronic shower.
(High energy physics events often result in hadronic showers since the violence of the collision rips apart the colliding particles. While clean decay
products may result from a portion of what is ripped apart, the remainder must combine into hadrons, and this frequently leads to a shower of
What is left after we use up the particles that create the hadronic shower are an A, a B, an anti-A and an anti-B. The figure above shows those four
particles grouped in such a way so as to result in what is understood to be the preonic constituents of the massive leptons.(See
in this series for how massive leptons are modeled.) Lepton anti-lepton
annihilation to two photons is commonly known - and so the above groupings show us how a two photon decay channel results from the original free A, B,
The above figure can also be used to explain W pair production. If a neutrino/neutrino pair forms in association with Group 1 and another
neutrino/neutrino pair forms in association with Group 2, then W pair production results, since that combination of particles in each group lead to W
signatures as was explained in thread 9
of this series.
The above figure can also be used to explain lepton/anti-lepton pair production. In that case only a single neutrino/neutrino pair forms, with one
neutrino combining with the Group 1 preons to form a lepton and the other neutrino combining with the Group 2 preons to form an anti-lepton. (Again
refer to thread 2
in this series for a description of the modeling of the massive
The above figure can also be used to explain quark/anti-quark production, which will occur if the B and anti-B annihilate into a C and anti-C followed
by neutrino/neutrino production out of vacuum, with the C, neutrino and remaining A forming a quark and the anti-C, neutrino and remaining anti-A
forming an anti-quark. (See thread 5
in this series for a description of the modeling
of quarks). Note that what has just been described will result in quark/anti-quark pairs of the up family. If instead the A annihilates with the
anti-A into a C and anti-C, the remaining B and anti-B will combine with the C and anti-C to form the down family of quark/anti-quark pairs
There is also another possible decay channel for the free A, B, and anti-A preons as shown below:
The above figure shows how four high energy leptons will be produced from a free A, B, and anti-A as understood by the ABC Preon Model. Vacuum
creation of a B / anti-B pair enables one B to combine with a portion of the proton fragments, leading to a hadronic shower just as in the earlier
figure. This time however, we group the A with the anti-A and the B with the anti-B. The A/anti-A pair is understood within the ABC Preon Model to be
what leads to the various Z signatures (See thread 9
of this series which discussed Z
formation). One of the predictions of the 1997 ABC Preon Model publication is the B/anti-B pair, labeled Z* in the figure above. The Z* has not yet
been seen in isolation, and it will lead to signatures similar to those produced by an A/anti-A pair, only at somewhat lower energy. (See
of this series for more on the prediction of the Z*).
In one of the free A/anti-A pair decay modes, a B/anti-B pair and a neutrino/neutrino pair will form out of vacuum resulting in the components needed
to make a lepton/antilepton pair. In one of the B/anti-B pair decay modes an A/anti-A pair and a neutrino/neutrino pair will form out of vacuum and
join with the B/anti-B pair resulting in the components needed to make a second lepton/antilepton pair. Other decay modes are possible, such as the Z
and Z* forming quark / anti-quark pairs via vacuum formation of C / anti-C preon pairs and additional neutrinos.
Once again, just as was the case of the top quark signature discussed in the previous
, the ABC Preon Model predicts all of the decay modes seen in nature, this time for what is known as the Higgs signature.