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Mig-21 Lancers of Romanian Air Force : 2 cool

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posted on Feb, 1 2005 @ 10:51 PM
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MiG-21 Lancer is an upgrade program for MiG-21 Fishbed fighter, of the Romanian Air Force. The contractors for the upgrade program are the Romanian company AEROSTAR S.A. and ELBIT SYSTEM Ltd. from Israel, and three versions are being built:

Lancer A - Air to Ground version – single-seaters
Lancer B - Air to Ground version – two-seaters
Lancer C - Air to Air version – single-seaters

The MiG-21 Lancer upgrade provides modem combat capabilities and effective service life. Modifications have been introduced to the cockpit configuration, avionics architecture and weapons systems, enabling the MiG-21 Lancer to compete with much costlier fighters and to make the transition to Western standards. The upgrade program keeps the existing airframe, which was retrofitted with an avionics suite and new weapons integrated around two MIL STD 1553B multiplex data buses, including:



Modular Multi-Role Computer
Display And Sight Helmet - DASH
Head Up Display - Elop 921
Multi-Function Display 5x5 in.
Multifunction Color Display 5x5 in.
Hybrid Navigation System - LISA-4000 EB
ILS/VOR/DME
Air data computer - Marconi ADC
Hopping frequency VHF/ UHF radio - ACR 435
VHF/ UHF radio - ACR 430
Radar Warning Receiver - Elisra SPS-20
Chaff and flare dispensers - TAAS/IMI
Range radar Elta EL/M 2001 B (Lancer A/B)
Multi Mode Radar - Elta EL/M 2032, with look-down / shoot-down capability (Lancer C)
Data Transfer System - DTS
Flight data recorder - SAIMS
IFF transponder - Plessey (NATO Mk.-10 IFF compatible)
Stores Management System
HOTAS
Hardpoints for Eastern and Western weapons
Electronic Countermeasure Pod - Elta EL/L-8222R
Laser Designation Pod - Rafael Litening LDP
Photo Reconnaissance Pod - Elbit/Aerostar Airborne Reconnaissance Pod - ARP
Smart weapons - Rafael Griffin laser guided bomb (LGB), Lizard LGB and OPHER - IR guided bomb
Dumb bombs and cluster bombs - Mk-82, Mk-83, FAB-100, FAB-250, FAB-500, BEM-100, CL-250
Air to Air missiles - R-73, R-60, R-3S, R-13M, Magic II and Python-3
Unguided rockets - S-5 M/K, carried in UB-16-57 / UB-32-57 rocket launchers and
Single large caliber rockets S-24.


MiG21 Lancer was the world's first widely used operational aircraft which incorporated the HMD (Helmet Mounted Display System) since 1995 in active service. Currently, only the 110 Romanian MiG-21 Lancer A, B, C and the Israeli F-15I and F-16's operate a HMD. The only competitor which will later operate such a system will be the American F/A-22 Raptor, which will enter service in november 2005, which is no less than 10 years after the MiG21 Lancer.
Also, the MiG21 Lancer was the first aircraft in the world to operate weapon pylons which are capable of use both Eastern as well as Western military equipment, bombs and missiles.


Cockpit :




Armment :









posted on Feb, 1 2005 @ 10:52 PM
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Features :

Multifunctional tactical fighter-interceptor. Primary installed equipment:
multifunctional coherent Doppler-pulse airborne radar "Kopyo" with slot antenna
onboard digital computer
helmet-mounted target designato
double screen (HUD and CRT) display system
stores management system
inertial navigation system
air data computer system, digital
short range radio navigation system
onboard radio command receiving equipmen
flare dispenser (26 mm 120 rounds)
new electric power supply system, controlling and recording system

[edit on 1-2-2005 by Stealth Spy]



posted on Feb, 1 2005 @ 10:55 PM
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The Lahav Division of Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) has developed the MiG-21 2000 upgraded fighter and ground attack version of the MiG-21 fighter aircraft. The original MiG-21, a short-range interceptor, was manufactured by MAPO MiG (now RAC MiG) of Russia. Over 5000 MiG-21 aircraft have been manufactured, with more than 1000 operational with the air forces of at least 33 countries.

The MiG-21 2000 upgrade provides modifications to the cockpit configuration, avionics architecture and weapons systems, enabling the MiG-21-2000 to compete with Western developed fighters and to make the transition to Western standards. Each modernisation programme is tailored to meet the customer's specific operational and budgetary requirements. The aircraft's original systems and components have been retained wherever mission effectiveness is not compromised.

The first test flight of a Lahav upgraded MiG-21 took place on 24 May 1995, and the new advanced version of this aircraft completed its first test flight in April 1998.

COCKPIT

The MiG-21 2000 cockpit features a new pilot-friendly layout, incorporating a head-up display (HUD), eye-level multi-function colour displays, hands on throttle and stick control (HOTAS), solid-state charge coupled device (CCD) camera, videotape recorder, and one-piece windshield. This design overcomes the shortcomings of the original cockpit layout, which is crowded and lacks most of the desired man-machine interface characteristics.

The MiG-21 2000 can be equipped with a display and sight helmet (DASH) system, supplied by Elbit of Haifa, which enables the pilot to aim the weapons simply by looking at the target. The system works by measuring the pilot's line of sight relative to the aircraft, and transfers the information to the aircraft's sensors, avionics and weapon systems. The helmet displays vital information, such as the missile line of sight, missile status, flight information and warning data, on the visor. The DASH helmet allows the pilot to fly head-up and off-boresight and assists the pilot to detect, identify and shoot earlier.

WEAPONS

IAI Lahav has augmented the original weapons system by introducing a new armament interface and control unit, which enables computerised control and release of weapons, including third- and fourth-generation air-to-air missiles. This system also affords the pilot the ability to use blind attack as well as continuously computed impact point (CCIP) and dive-toss bombing techniques. CCIP bombing involves the deployment of air-to-ground weapons, using the HUD to indicate the impact point for release of the weapons. Dive-toss bombing involves the release of air-to-ground weapons at the end of a steep dive manoeuvre towards the target.

The upgrade package for the MiG-21 gives the aircraft beyond-visual-range capability. The MiG-21 variants are capable of deploying a range of air-to-air weapons on the four underwing pylons, in addition to the AA-2 Atoll air-to-air missile or the anti-radar AA-2C Atoll missile. The Python missile, developed by Rafael in Haifa, is suitable for very close combat and medium-range interception. Python 4 incorporates digital electronics and an advanced multi-frequency seeker with powerful counter countermeasures (ECCM) and background rejection.

In order to enhance the upgraded MiG-21's defensive capabilities, the electronic warfare systems have also been upgraded.

AVIONICS

The avionics system is based on Lahav's integrated modular avionics architecture, which uses a centralised mission and display processor, developed by IAI with the co-operation of Astronautics Co. Israel. In addition, the use of a new inertial navigation and global positioning system (INS/GPS) and air data computer ensures increased navigation and weapons-release accuracy.

If required, the MiG-21 2000 can be fitted with an EL/M-2032 radar, developed by IAI Elta Electronic Industries, based in Ashdod. The radar, which uses a low sidelobe planar array antenna and pulse Doppler beam sharpening, provides all-altitude, all-aspect look-up/look-down and shoot-down capability.



posted on Feb, 1 2005 @ 10:58 PM
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Mig-21 2000




Mig-21 bison



MiG-21-93





posted on Feb, 1 2005 @ 11:09 PM
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The first 2 upgraded MiGs done in India were shipped to the IAF in May 2001. These new aircraft have a mix of French, Israeli, Indian and Russian equipment. It is claimed that the fighters are equivalent to any 4th Generation fighter, with the ability to lock on to 8 different targets at once. The upgrading of the 125 MiG-21s is now slated for 2005, with the implementation of the plan expected to enable the IAF to extend the life of the jets uptil 2015.




[edit on 1-2-2005 by Stealth Spy]



posted on Feb, 2 2005 @ 03:14 PM
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Is there a problem with just buying MiG-29s or Su-37s?



posted on Feb, 2 2005 @ 10:16 PM
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Originally posted by XB70
Is there a problem with just buying MiG-29s or Su-37s?


Money ???



posted on Feb, 2 2005 @ 10:33 PM
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Originally posted by XB70
Is there a problem with just buying MiG-29s or Su-37s?


which AF are you talking about.

Indian AF >> They alredy have scores of those. Upgrading Mig's instead of retireing them, to keep up numbers.

Romanian AF >> No money



posted on Feb, 2 2005 @ 10:43 PM
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INDIAN AIR FORCE PROCURES RUSSIAN STEALTH TECHNOLOGY FOR MIG-21's
The Indian Air Force (IAF) is now adding stealth modifications to an existing $340m programme to upgrade 125 of its MiG-21bis fighters to MiG-21-93 standard. Sources for Jane's Defence Weekly have revealed these secret events in a report published in today's edition of the magazine.

Extensive tests to demonstrate Russia's ability to upgrade Indian fighter aircraft with stealth capabilities took place in front of Indian defence ministry officials at the Sokol aircraft plant in Nizhniy Novgorod on 29th May 2000. The demonstration was highly successful and is understood to have resulted in the Russian government and RSK MIG urging the IAF to adopt the stealth modifications across its MiG-21-93 fleet.

The core of the demonstration saw two MiG-21bis--one upgraded with stealth technology and one without--being tracked by what is believed to be a Mig-31 in a controlled test of radar-absorbent materials (RAM) and coatings developed at the Moscow Institute of Applied and Theoretical

Electrodynamics. During its flight the radar signature of the upgraded Mig-21bis was shown to be between 10 and 15 times weaker than the regular MiG-21bis.

Another related article in this week's Jane's Defence Weekly reports on the talk given by India's Army Chief General S. Pamanabhan on 11 January 2002, in which he warned Pakistan of India's defence capabilities and stated "I have mobilised to be ready for war."

jane's source



posted on Feb, 5 2005 @ 09:35 AM
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cool site on Mig-21- 93

www.armscontrol.ru...



posted on Feb, 7 2005 @ 09:08 AM
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Could you tell me why is this project important? It won't make those MiG-21s much better, they will be still rather useless, they will be still no match even for a F-14 or F-16.



posted on Feb, 7 2005 @ 09:58 PM
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Originally posted by AtheiX
Could you tell me why is this project important? It won't make those MiG-21s much better, they will be still rather useless, they will be still no match even for a F-14 or F-16.


some sources claim that the Mig-21 bison of the IAF is more effective than F-16's (Block 15) of the pakistani AF.

MIG 21 Bison 's have Israeli Head up displays and French Avionics.

The upgrade mainly revolves around the Phazotron Kopyo-M radar and integrated BVR attack capability with R-77 BVRAAMs. Other features include a SURA HMS, a semi-glass cockpit and a Sextant Totem-3000 Ring laser gyro nav. system with GPS, to mention a few. Note the conformal countermeasure dispensers, the new Tarang RWR's antennae on the tailfin and the single piece windshield.

This MiG-21 Bison (CU-2252) is from the No.3 'Cobras' squadron. It's loadout includes the not so commonly seen seeker module of the KAB-500Kr TV guided bomb on the centerline pylon not to mention an R-73 training round and an R-77 BVRAAM carried underwing. The aircraft's sophisticated EW suite comprises of a DRDO Tarang RWR/RHAWS, "Tempest" internal Self-protection jammer (SPJ) and the conformal CMDS.

Apart from the new nose-cone, the forward fuselage needed some modification/extension to accommodate the new Kopyo-M radar. Apparently this modification does not feature on the MiG-21-93s which were photographed over Russia during their testing phase, giving the impression of larger nose-cones on the latter.





posted on Feb, 7 2005 @ 10:06 PM
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some sources claim that the Mig-21 bison of the IAF is more effective than F-16's (Block 15) of the pakistani AF.


Yea, because America's military is completely incompetent, and weak...

Why stop with a Mig-21? How about a Mig-15. I'm sure that could compete with the F-16, too.



posted on Feb, 7 2005 @ 10:57 PM
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Originally posted by Disturbed Deliverer

some sources claim that the Mig-21 bison of the IAF is more effective than F-16's (Block 15) of the pakistani AF.


Yea, because America's military is completely incompetent, and weak...

Why stop with a Mig-21? How about a Mig-15. I'm sure that could compete with the F-16, too.


dont get me wrong disturbed, but those were downgraded F-16's (block 15)that were sold to pakistan in 1982. it's got no BVR missiles, downgraded(in 1982) radar, downgraded aveonics, etc

America's military complex is not weak, its the best in the world (i hope that satisfies you)



posted on Feb, 8 2005 @ 03:50 AM
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Question : what's that sharp rod that juts out of every Mig-21 ????



posted on Feb, 8 2005 @ 04:24 AM
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Ha ha Fine i can understand government upgrading their existing Mig 21's to keep them operational. But come one the Mig 21 is such an old design it will never match a dogfight with newer air craft.I could prob shoot one down with a BB Gun
The whole fleet should be replaced with Mig 29's and Su 37's (the thrust vectoring ones) now they are trully awesome planes. Oh yeah that sharp rod that juts out is probably the refueling pole, for the plane to be refueled whilst in the air by a tanker. If it isn't for refuleing then maybe some sensor or guidance system.

[edit on 8-2-2005 by SaranGani]



posted on Feb, 8 2005 @ 08:21 AM
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Originally posted by Stealth Spy

Originally posted by AtheiX
Could you tell me why is this project important? It won't make those MiG-21s much better, they will be still rather useless, they will be still no match even for a F-14 or F-16.


some sources claim that the Mig-21 bison of the IAF is more effective than F-16's (Block 15) of the pakistani AF.

MIG 21 Bison 's have Israeli Head up displays and French Avionics.


French Avionics doesn't make the MiG-21 better than F-16!
And why did you, at the start of the topic, wrote 5 posts in a row on the same day?



posted on Feb, 8 2005 @ 11:42 AM
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Well I must say its not the jet but the crew.
I mean the Vulcan is still good thats just as old as the MIG-21 lol!



posted on Feb, 8 2005 @ 12:45 PM
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Originally posted by Stealth Spy
Question : what's that sharp rod that juts out of every Mig-21 ????


The air data sensor.

Those wacky Russian designers.



[edit on 8/2/05 by COOL HAND]



posted on Feb, 8 2005 @ 10:06 PM
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Originally posted by Stealth Spy
Question : what's that sharp rod that juts out of every Mig-21 ????


A sensor,something like an antenna that gets data..

And oh,I don't think the IAF could just build a stealthy MiG-21,stealth is more than just cut some fabrics and paste them over a plane,to get real stealth you need to completely redesign the airframe.



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