The Agni -3 is an IRBM
IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile. A ballistic missile having a range of 2,750 km to 5,000 km.
ICBM Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. A ballistic missile with a range in excess of 5,000 km. The term ICBM applies only to
land-based systems, to differentiate them from submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs).
source : www.missilethreat.com...
Propulsion: 3-stage solid/liquid
Range: 5,000 km
In Service: Exp. 2005
The Agni-3 is an intermediate-range, surface-based, solid and liquid propellant ballistic missile. It is still in development and is expected to
utilize the Agni-2 for its second and third stages. It is believed to be a three-stage missile created by adding a third stage onto the first and
second stages of the Agni-2. It will probably be deployed from either mobile launch vehicles that are road or rail mobile. It will likely be equipped
with an inertial guidance systems with an improved optical or radar terminal phase correlation system. This would likely give it a high degree of
accuracy with a medium to large nuclear payload.
The primary purpose of this new missile is to extend India’s nuclear deterrent to the PRC. It has a range of 5,000 km (3107 miles), rendering the
missile more than capable of reaching its primary target: Peking (Beijing). While not technically an intercontinental ballistic missile, the Angi-3
would certainly be classified as a strategic asset for India.
India’s Defense Minister Pranab Mukherjee announced on June 19 that India would test launch its Agni III missile “as and when required.” The
nuclear-capable Agni III has never yet been fired, but tests have been put off since last November. The missile is believed to have a range of about
3,000km. Several days later, defense sources revealed that the missile is scheduled for launch sometime in July. The test should take place in the
second week of July, and be launched from the test range in Orissa, east India.
Basing: Railcar mobile
Payload: Single warhead, 1,000 kg
Warhead: 700 kg; Nuclear 0.8, 45, 200 kT, HE, chemical, submunitions
Length: 20.00 m
Diameter: 1.30 m
Launch Weight: 16,000 kg
Propulsion: 2-stage solid
Range: 3,000 km, upgraded - 3,500 km
In Service: 2001
The Agni-2 is an intermediate-range, railcar mobile, solid and liquid propellant ballistic missile. Developed to counter India’s threats from the
PRC and Pakistan, the development of the Agni-2 is believed to have been instigated by advancing Chinese missile designs. The range of the Agni-2 is
significantly greater than that needed to strike targets within all of Pakistan and is likely meant as a counter to the PRC. The coupling of inertial
guidance with a Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system and radar correlation results in a relatively high accuracy at long ranges.
The Agni-2’s range falls short of the primary Indian targets within the PRC, thus the missile is more likely deployed as a tactical asset against
the PRC or Pakistan. The missile’s relatively high accuracy, especially at close range, gives the warhead extensive applications against
conventional targets, whereas the limited payload makes it a less probable counter value system. There is little value in it as a counter force
weapon, as the Pakistani and Chinese missiles are mobile and hidden.
The payload of the Agni-2 is a warhead weighing up to 1,000 kg. The payload section independently maneuvers with four moving control fins during the
terminal phase. The Agni-2 is fitted for 0.8 kT, 45 kT or 200 kT yield nuclear warheads, in addition to chemical, high-explosive and submunitions
versions. It has a minimum range of 500 km (311 miles) and a maximum range of 3,000 km (1864 miles), with an accuracy of 40 m CEP. It is a two-stage
solid propellant design. It is 20.0 m in length with a diameter of 1.3 m in the first stage and 0.9 m in the second stage.
The Agni-2 underwent its first flight test in April 1999 from Wheeler’s Island, near Orissa in the Bay of Bengal. The test was conducted from a
railcar launcher and in 2001 there was a launch test from a mobile launch vehicle. There were thought to be less than 5 Agni-2 missiles operationally
available in 2001, with a production rate of around 10 missiles per year. There is another long-range version of the Agni-2 that has yet to be
flight-tested. It is anticipated that the range of this upgraded version, the Angi-2A missile, will be around 3,500 km (2175 miles).
Basing: Surface based
Payload: Single warhead, 1,000 kg
Warhead: Nuclear 45 or 200 kT, HE, chemical,
Length: 21.00 m
Diameter: 1.30 m
Launch Weight: 19,000 kg
Propulsion: First-stage solid, second-stage liquid
Range: 2,500 km
The Agni-1 is an antiquated medium-range, surface based, liquid propellant ballistic missile. While about five to ten Agni-1 systems are still
reported as active, these are considered second-echelon missile systems. As a test in technology, the Agni-1 served as the basis for the more advanced
Agni systems: Agni-2, Agni-3 and the Agni-SR. However, in the case of hostile action from both China and Pakistan, the Agni-1 will likely be deployed
purely as a stopgap measure.
The Agni-1 is 21.0 m in length, has a diameter of 1.3 m in the first stage, 0.9 m in the second stage, and has a launch weight of 19,000 kg. Its
payload is a single warhead, weighing no more than 1,000 kg. The Agni-1 may be fitted with warheads containing 800 kg of cargo, either nuclear (45 or
200 kT), chemical, high-explosive or sub-munitions. The range is 2,500 km (1553 miles) with an accuracy of 100 m CEP, provided by an inertial guidance
system coupled to an optical correlation system in the warhead. It uses a two-stage solid/liquid propellant engine.
Under the direction of the Indian Deference Research and Development Organization (DRDO) the development of the Agni-1 began in 1979. The missile uses
a first-stage motor like the first-stage, solid rocket motor in the Indian Satellite Launch Vehicle-3. The SLV-3 was based on a US Scout rocket design
and has been used in other satellite launches since 1979. The second-stage of the Agni-1 uses the liquid propellant motor system that is used in the
The Indian government terminated the Agni-1 program in 1996 and explained that it was not developed for use as a weapon, but rather as a demonstrator
of technological capabilities. However, there are about 5 or 10 produced which remain in operational storage, and the Indian government expressed the
possibility of the Agni-1 being used as a weapon if there was a threat that required military assets against both Pakistan and China. In 1997, the
Agni program began again and it was announced the Agni-2 missile would be launch tested. The new solid propellant missile in the PRC may have
instigated restarting the Indian research program.