With all the talk about President Trump not letting organizations he deems as "fake news" into press conferences both sides are quick to throw out
the n-word, NAZI. Both sides say that the other wants to stifle the "truth" to promote some agenda and for some reason, people think that this only
happened in Germany during the rise of power of Hitler. But sadly enough America has been full of fake news since colonial times and its never really
made much headway towards any real object news reporting.
In the 1890s, African-Americans were attempting to become political agents active in American politics and the Populist and Republican leaders of the
reconstruction era and gilded age saw to this gradually. In Wilmington NC during the early 1890s, many African-Americans won or were a pointed to
Democrat leaders with strong ties to the defunct confederacy decided that something must be done, and they launched a fake news campaign designed to
promote the idea that African-American males were 'vampires and incubus' whose only drive was violence and the rape of white women.
Many of these relied on editorials written by people like Mrs. Felton of Georgia who said:
Link to source
When there is not enough religion in the pulpit to organize a crusade against sin; nor justice in the court house to promptly punish crime; nor
manhood enough in the nation to put a sheltering arm about innocence and virtue — if it needs lynching to protect woman’s dearest possession from
the ravening human beasts — then I say lynch, a thousand times a week if necessary.”
There was a response to her horrific claims from both communities, the journalist Alexander Manly had this to say:
Link to source
Mrs. Felton must begin at the fountain head if she wishes to purify the stream. Teach your men purity. Let virtue be something more than an excuse for
them to intimidate and torture a helpless people. Tell your men that it is no worse for a black man to be intimate with a white woman than for the
white man to be intimate with a colored woman.
but his response fell on deaf ears, and then after the 1898 elections in Wilmington, which saw Republican and Populist win, there was an attack.
Link to source
On November 10th, Alfred Moore Waddell, a former Confederate officer and a white supremacist, led a group of townsmen to force the ouster of
Wilmington’s city officials. Waddell relied on an editorial printed in the African American-owned Wilmington Daily Record as the catalyst for the
riot. Alex Manly, the editor of the Daily Record, had published an editorial in early November arguing that “poor white men are careless in the
matter of protecting their women.” Paraphrasing articles by Ida B. Wells on the subject of lynching, Manly opined that “our experiences among poor
white people in the country teaches us that women of that race are not any more particular in the matter of clandestine meetings with colored men than
the white men with the colored women.” Manly’s public discussion of the taboo subject of interracial sex exposed the reality of sexual
exploitation of black women by white men and challenged the myth of pure-white womanhood.
African-American journalist like Manly and Wells proved that the charges of rape in most of those cases false, and that did not stop the white
supremacy movement because of the fear the Democrats caused with their lies. After many of the African-American had been killed or left the city, the
local white leaders quickly put democrats in charge and established laws that would prevent African-Americans from gaining political power again. Jim
Crow laws would be established and the federal courts would uphold them until the 1960's. So many African-Americans were killed during the Wilmington
riots that the total is still unknown, and many of the Jim Crow laws themselves would not be taken down until the 1990's.
Many of the displaced African-Americans wrote to then president McKinely, which you can
, his response, of course, was silence.
So before we call everyone a Nazi, let's remember that fake news is when truth is obfusticated by anyone to promote any political agenda. An agenda
that does not have to be fascist or racist.