EU has the potential to generate an armed forces 2/3 the size of the USA in terms of budgets.
It might be more now since I did examine this a couple of years ago. I made an assumption that based on the defence expenditure rate of the cold war
transfered to todays GDP, what size /kind of forces could they have? Then and transposed similar numbers buys per decades for fighters, helos,
tanks, APC ,SPHowitzers , CVs, amphibs and escorts [etc] into euro products.
It was difficult , because while the USA spends hugh amounts on research and nukes [1/4 budget] and considerable infrastructure payments, the break
down into branches of the military is quite different. The USA spent only 1/4 of its conventional budget on army, while the rest was split almost
50-50 between USN and USAF. EU armed forces would have to spend alot more on army than airforce or Navies, so they ended up with an army twice the
size of the USA and navy /airforce about 1/2 the size.
The exact break down of weapons was difficult unless one selected only one 'winner' canditate for each weapons category...which as we all know would
be like pulling teeth for the Euros to achieve. So instead I postulated a prior situation where the Euros were forced to come together for their own
survival to make such economies of scale. I theorised that the late 1960s/early 1970s ' VIetnam era',crisis situation forcing the USA to withdraw
substantial and costly conventional forces from Europe but remain the ability to redeploy in a time of crisis....with a similar withdrawl wangled out
of the Soviets [All Tank Armies withdrawn to the Soviet boarder with Poland/Czech etc] .
Pure fantasy no doubt but interesting scenario. After much reworking I had NATO buying euro weapons only so 600 x Viggens [LD/SD allweather] were
bought from the sweds instead of the F-16 , while nundreds of Jaguar M[Anglo/french with radar]/Mirage-F1 [French] /Tornado [german/UK/Italian]would
sold through into the 1980s, when 600 x Mirage 2000 [French] would be bought.Starting in the early 1990s the first of 1200 x Rafale [French] /Grippen
[Sweds] would be purchased with MICA AAM, after which 600 x German Stealth "Firefly" jet would be purchased [upto 2005]. PGMs were European through
and through with french Magic HSAAM and skyflash AAMs [anglo swedish] and AS-30/Exocetts [ french] would fill ground/navy PGM roles during this
transition.Eventually the Stormshadow ASM [UK/french?] and ASRAAM [NATO] would be added to the list of PGMs .
The Euro Navies would purchase 6 large CV based on an improved CVA01[UK] design to supplement /replace the two Foch [French] carriers armed with 16 x
Buccaneers [UK] 24 x F-4D , 12 x Seaking and 4 x Gannet AEW. In the 1980s and 1990s they would have no choice but to fund 24 x F18 per carrier while
Exocete[French] armed Super Etendard [French] filled the strike role and Hawkeye replaced Gannet while Merlin [Angl/Italian]replaced Seaking.By the
new century Rafale D [French] would repace the Super Etendards [french] . The Helicopter carriers Bulwark/Hermies would lead the amphib , while in the
1980s upto 6 Ocean/Invincible CVS class[UK] would be purchased. THe landing role would start with 2 x Fearless [UK]and expand with french LPDs in the
1980s until a dozen Rotterdam [Dutch]class of scalable LPD take over in the 1990s-2005 period.
The 8 x Bristol CG [UK] would be built through the 1960s to escort the carriers until the end of the century, while 15-32 Type 42 DDGs [UK] would
replace the litteny of post war older DDs through out the 1970s and 1980s.The 'Kortenear' [Dutch]would become the standardized multipurpose frigate
with upto 35 built under licence through out Europe.
The Anti Shipping missile would be the Italian Ottomate SSM [I II & III], with Seawolf [UK] becomeing the standard PD SAM and the Seadart [UK] the
standard area SAM .The anglo/ french Lynx would fill the many ASW Helo roles, but starting in the 1990s the Merlin [UK/Italian] and super Lynx [?]
would suppliment and eventually replace them.
At the end of the century all these would be due for phased replacements so CVF/PA-01/02 would compete for the 6 x CV replacements while
Ocean/Rotterdam would continue on and Meko DDG [German] replaces the Bristol and some Type 42 while Type 45 [UK] replaces the rest of the type 42 DDGs
with Aster SAM [french] and SCALP [french?].
If the Airfores are predominatly french and the Navy predominantly UK , the land forces are predominatly German.
Through this period 9 elite airborn/marine brigades would form the spear head of any Euro RDF. These would start with a slew of 1960s trucks jeeps and
french armored cars supported by 105mm howitzers with a few dozen Super Felon /CH-53 large helos.The main ship to shore Helo transport would be the
Ship born Seakings. The infantry would be armed with Franco/German Milan ATGM and supported by french 81mm & 120mm mortars and jeep mounted 20mm
Starting in the 1980s the Airborn brigades would add ~ 100 x German BO-105 helos [HOT ATGM or 20mm guns] plus hundreds of Wiesel light AFVs [Germans
to replace the jeep mounted 20mm autocannons] .The Marine brigades would add thousands of Iltis [German] trucks/jeeps and
replaced the 105mm howitzers with FH-155 howitzers, while they would be supplimented by several hundred AMX-30 medium tanks and hundreds of VAB
wheeled APC. The infantry would be motorized on Iltis.
By the 1990s the Marine brigades would be equipped with thousands of VABNG motorized APC [french HMG & applique armor ] , while hundreds of Swiz
LAV-II recon AFVs would be added. The AMX-30 tanks would be upgraded to the B2 level [with APFSDS & ERA] .Thus all the battalions would be
The Airborn brigades would get ~ 100 x French Lynx ECR-90 [armored cars] while Wiesel 2 would would suppliment the wiesels or enough to mechanize 1
battalion per brigade. By this time Milan 2 and HOT-2 would be the main AT weapons.
By the new century Leopard 1A6 [120L44 gun with MEXAS applique and DFC/TI sights] would replace the AMX-30 while LAV-III [25mm Autocannons] would
replace VAB in the mechanized marine battalions and Milan 3t and HOT 3t would become the main ATGMs. Airmechanized would be armed as in the 1990s ,
but with improved ATGMs and enough Wiesel-2 so all infantry mounted in them. The Bo-105 would be replaced by the Tiger AH/PAH helicopter.
The main combat power of the Euros would reside in their land armies which would be patterend on the german model with mostly german equipment.
There would end up with 12 mechanized corps in central europe each with 6500 vehicles [~ 25,000 for the entire korps].
1 x Engineering Rgt with bridging battalions
1 x SAM Rgt [21 x Imp Hawk]
1 x Airmobile Brigade with
12 x TOW armed LYNX helos [Anglo /French]and 12 x german scout BO-105 [20mm autocannon]
58 french Dauphin UH plus an elite infantry battalion.
2 x Armored cavalry brigades [recon/screen] each with ..
1 x Helocopter battalion with 12 x Lynx AH [TOW] and 12 x Bo-105 OH [20mm auto] and 4 x Dauphin [Cmd]
1 x SP Howitzer Battalion with 12 x GCT-155 [french ]
3 x Recon battalions; each with 33 x AMX-10p [French with 20mm auto] and 11 x Leopard 1A5 [German] . Each battalion would be supported by 6 x SP
120mm mortars [German] and 4 x AMX-10 [French] with HOT-2 ATGM.
The helicopter battalion would work with the recon battalions to screen NATO delopement and seekout Soviet maneuvers while each Korps would have RGt
of 36 x FIROS 25/30 [Italian] Multiple Rocket Launchers for heavy artillery support.
The main combat forces in each Korps would be three mechanized divisions each supported with 6000 vehicles & 10,000 troops
1 x Bridging Battalion
1 x SAM Battalion [12 x franco /german ROLAND-II SAM]
1 x Recon Battalion [as above]
2 x SP Howitzer battalions [each with 12 x GCT-155]
Armored Brigade with
1 x SP Howitzer battalion [with 12 x GCT-155]
2 x Tank Battalions [each with 6 x SP 120mm Mortars and 35 x LEO-II]
1 x Mechanized battalion with
6 x SP 120mm Mortars
4 x AMX-10P/ HOT-2
39 x Marder 1A3 ICV [German] with 20mm autocannon carring 36 x Milan-2 ATGM.
2 x Mechanized Brigades each with
1 x SP Howitzer battalion [with 12 x GCT-155]
1 x Tank Battalion [ with 6 x SP 120mm Mortars and either 35 x LEOPARD-IA5 (german) or AMX-30B2 (French) or "Stillbrew"Chieftain(UK)]
2 x Mechanized battalion with
6 x SP 120mm Mortars
4 x AMX-10P/ HOT-2
39 x Marder 1A3 ICV with 20mm autocannon carring 36 x Milan-2 ATGM.
Through the 1990s and into the new century the Armored Brigade tanks would be LEOPARD-IIA5/6 [German] while the REcon/Mechanized battalion tanks would
be upgraded to the LEOPARD-IIA4 level and ~ 6000 older LEOPARD-1 and others tanks , would go to the eastern Europeans upgraded to the LEOPARD-1A6
level [120L44 gun DFCS/TI sights and MEXAS applique].
THe GCT-155 would be supplimented by AS-90 [UK] at the Corps and Divisional and then brigade level ,while the displaced french howitzers would go to E
Europe. Mean while the Italian FIROS MRL would be upgraded to the 60km range version the FIROS-60.
The Marder-1A3 would get a 25mm autocannon until the Puma arrives in the new century, after which time they go to E Europe. Meanwhile the Milan 3T and
HOT-3T would become the main ATGM, while AH129 [Italian] replaces BO-105 in the recon role and Tiger replaces Lynx in the AH role.Those displaced
Helos go to E Europe.
Anyway enough fantasy for now