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Turkish Parliament has Power to Reinstate Muslim Khalifa (from ATSNN)

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posted on Jan, 29 2005 @ 04:24 PM
Just for some background Valhall has already reported:

Caliphate (khalifa) literally means "Successor of the Prophet", but the position of primary Caliphate is that of ruler of a unified Islamic nation. It is the goal of Al-Qaeda and the various terrorist organizations working either under the umbrella of Al-Qaeda or in concert with it to fill this void. And if Al-Qaeda has their way, the position will be filled by a Wahabbi Caliphate, Osama bin Laden.

From 1451 - 1924 the Ottoman Empire Caliphate represented the largest and most powerful independent Islamic political entity. In 1924 the Khilafah title and powers were transferred from the Ottoman family line to the Turkish Grand National Assembly (parliament).
The Turkish Direktorate of Religious Affairs (The Diyanet) still fulfills the duties of the khalifa within Turkey. There is no longer one symbolic ruler of the Muslims, which is considered by some to be a violation of the Islamic legislations, the Shariah.
Because the Caliph title is currently unused, it could be used again if the Turkish parliament were to decide.

Please visit the link provided for the complete story.

Here are the three ways a Caliph may be chosen:

There are three ways in which the Muslim ummah may choose a new Khalifa. However, in all three cases, the people are obligated to give the new Khalifa their bay'a once the process of choosing him is over. People can send representatives to give their bay'a if the population is large. The three ways of choosing the Khalifa are by selection, by nomination, and by force.

1) By selection. The Khalifa is selected by a group of the best, most Islamically knowledgeable people in the society (not by a general vote of everyone). This group is called the Majlis-Ash-Shura (Arabic for "consultative council"). The members of the Majlis-ash-Shura are chosen from experts who are learned in Islam, and they in turn choose the Khalifa. If the society as a whole rejects their choice, the Majlis-ash-Shura must find out why, perhaps negotiate with the people, and in general try to resolve the problem - however, this situation has never occurred. The Majlis-ash-Shura must have at least three people by the definition of a jama'a (a group of three or more people). The Muslim scholar Al-Mawardi has noted that in the emergency case of no Khalifa and no Majlis-ash-Shura (the situation today), the people should create two parties: one being the Majlis-ash-Shura, and the other being a list of candidates for the Khalifa. The Majlis-ash-Shura then selects a Khalifa from the list of candidates.

2) By nomination. The current Khalifa may nominate his successor, the next Khalifa (as Abu Bakr did with Umar). The people have to accept him just as in the first case. If the old Khalifa appoints someone unworthy out of ulterior motives, the people must reject that appointee.

3) By force. If the current Khalifa forces someone on the people to be the next Khalifa, but that person is righteous, the people must accept him as long as he remains righteous. Similarly, if there is no Khalifa (again, the situation today), it is permitted for someone to forcibly seize power and declare himself the Khalifa if he guarantees to abide by his responsibilities under Islam.

So Osama bin Laden is trying to instal a Wahabbi Caliphate by force, when it is technically possible for the Turkish parliament to instal a more moderate Caliphate through selection. The question then becomes would the Arab world accept a Turkish Caliphate. In my opinion if it was brought about in the right way then I believe the majority of Islamics would, since the majority disagree with radical Wahabbi and Salafism followed by Al-Qaeda. I also believe this would dissolve at least some support for Al-Qaeda's campaign.


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Mod Edit: to remove ALL-CAPS from thread title.

[edit on 29-1-2005 by kinglizard]

posted on Jan, 29 2005 @ 04:42 PM
Muslims in Ottoman Territories were more than helpful in collaborating with teh Allies to bring about the downfall of the Empire. I think most of them are as wary of turkish control as they are of anglo-american control. Some groups, like the Kurds, are violently opposed to any extension of turkish control. The Armenians, whom the Turks under the Ottoman Empire nearly exterminated, would also be more that a little opposed to it (of course, they aren't muslims tho.)

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