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originally posted by: xstealth
That's not even close to the worst of it, and you know they're hiding the damning information.
Hostile media effect
In 1982, the first major study of this phenomenon was undertaken; pro-Palestinian students and pro-Israeli students at Stanford University were shown the same news filmstrips pertaining to the then-recent Sabra and Shatila massacre of Palestinian refugees by Christian Lebanese militia fighters abetted by the Israeli army in Beirut during the Lebanese Civil War. On a number of objective measures, both sides found that these identical news clips were slanted in favor of the other side. Pro-Israeli students reported seeing more anti-Israel references and fewer favorable references to Israel in the news report and pro-Palestinian students reported seeing more anti-Palestinian references, and so on. Both sides said a neutral observer would have a more negative view of their side from viewing the clips, and that the media would have excused the other side where it blamed their side.
Subsequent studies have found hostile media effects related to other political conflicts, such as strife in Bosnia and in U.S. presidential elections, as well as in other areas, such as media coverage of the South Korean National Security Act, the 1997 United Parcel Service Teamsters strike, genetically modified food, and sports.
originally posted by: avgguy
a reply to: Krazysh0t
Come on now now, I use CNN for my daily news and let's be real, nothing positive is ever on there about any republican. Likewise hardly anything negative is published about liberals.
Trump says WikiLeaks email shows collusion between Clinton, DOJ
Washington (CNN)Donald Trump on Tuesday accused the Justice Department of feeding information to Hillary Clinton's campaign to "cover up for her crimes."
Trump seized on hacked emails released by Wikileaks that purport to show Clinton spokesman Brian Fallon communicating with the DOJ regarding a FOIA lawsuit in 2015, and said they showed collusion between Clinton and the Obama administration regarding its email investigation.
"The DOJ fed information to the Clinton campaign about the email investigation so that the campaign could be prepared to cover up for her crimes," Trump said, at a rally in Panama City, in Florida's deeply conservative panhandle. "This is collusion and corruption of the highest order and is one more reason I will ask my attorney general ... to appoint a special prosecutor."
In essence, framing theory suggests that how something is presented to the audience (called “the frame”) influences the choices people make about how to process that information. Frames are abstractions that work to organize or structure message meaning. The most common use of frames is in terms of the frame the news or media place on the information they convey. They are thought to influence the perception of the news by the audience, in this way it could be construed as a form of second level agenda-setting – they not only tell the audience what to think about (agenda-setting theory), but also how to think about that issue (second level agenda setting, framing theory).
Framing techniques per Fairhurst and Sarr (1996):
Metaphor: To frame a conceptual idea through comparison to something else.
Stories (myths, legends): To frame a topic via narrative in a vivid and memorable way.
Tradition (rituals, ceremonies): Cultural mores that imbue significance in the mundane, closely tied to artifacts.
Slogan, jargon, catchphrase: To frame an object with a catchy phrase to make it more memorable and relate-able.
Artifact: Objects with intrinsic symbolic value – a visual/cultural phenomenon that holds more meaning than the object it self.
Contrast: To describe an object in terms of what it is not.
Spin: to present a concept in such a ways as to convey a value judgement (positive or negative) that might not be immediately apparent; to create an inherent bias by definition.
Framing is in many ways tied very closely to Agenda Setting theory. Both focus on how media draws the public’s eye to specific topics – in this way they set the agenda. But Framing takes this a step further in the way in which the news is presented creates a frame for that information. This is usually a conscious choice by journalists – in this case a frame refers to the way media as gatekeepers organize and present the ideas, events, and topics they cover.
originally posted by: LesMisanthrope
a reply to: xstealth
Win or lose, that will be a lasting legacy of the Trump campaign—the media has exposed themselves as unethical, undemocratic, and no more than a gutter press, hell-bent on power and profits. Not only that, but it will expose those among us—those who share it and parrot it with little thought—as vectors of propaganda.