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Individuals with narcissistic personality disorder have a very distorted sense of self. They are generally "grandiose", which means they have an inflated or exaggerated opinion of their positive traits and / or abilities. Even though some are very attractive, highly intelligent, or exceptionally talented, narcissists typically regard themselves as elite or exceptional compared to everyone else. Regardless of their actual social standing, they perceive themselves as very important – and expect others to view them as such.
originally posted by: Aliensun
a reply to: Profusion
Who determines the objectives? No way the self can do that and no way society can do that. What society has the primo list of objectives? Take morality, who gets to make the rules on that whether you are objective or not in your view on that position for yourself or others?
originally posted by: VP740
Do you mean seeing yourself the way someone else would see you? That would require you to understand the other person's/peoples perspective fairly well. It would require quite a bit of work, and you may never get perfect at it; but I think you could pull it off with a descent degree of success.
The evolution and psychology of self-deception.
In this article we argue that self-deception evolved to facilitate interpersonal deception by allowing people to avoid the cues to conscious deception that might reveal deceptive intent. Self-deception has two additional advantages: It eliminates the costly cognitive load that is typically associated with deceiving, and it can minimize retribution if the deception is discovered. Beyond its role in specific acts of deception, self-deceptive self-enhancement also allows people to display more confidence than is warranted, which has a host of social advantages. The question then arises of how the self can be both deceiver and deceived. We propose that this is achieved through dissociations of mental processes, including conscious versus unconscious memories, conscious versus unconscious attitudes, and automatic versus controlled processes. Given the variety of methods for deceiving others, it should come as no surprise that self-deception manifests itself in a number of different psychological processes, and we discuss various types of self-deception.
Why we lie: The evolutionary roots of deception and the unconscious mind
The theme of the present book is that human beings are natural born liars. We have evolved to be deceivers not only of others but of ourselves as well. The practice of deception is not limited to humans but applies to other organisms as well. This thesis is not new but Smith makes some interesting suggestions about the evolutionary mechanisms that led to the evolution of our propensity for self-deception as well as suggestions about how the mechanism for self deception works. Along the way, there are some sympathetic remarks about the much maligned Sigmund Freud as well as the suggestion that modern cognitive psychological accounts of how we manage to deceive ourselves are not as far from Freud as contemporary cognitive psychologists would like to have us think.