In 1966 about 50 years ago was the debut of a TV series that marked History into popularize scientific research. It was the first episode broadcasted
of the series of documentaries of the Undersea world by Jacques Ives Cousteau. In 1956, 60 years ago, The Silent World, a film he directed won a
Palme d'or , becoming also Historic on the subject.
Jacques Cousteau arrived to this project relatively mature in experience not only as a diver but also as a producer of movies. He started to film
short documentaries that were exhibited in movie theaters since 1940s, like this one Epave of 1943.
Cousteau was born on 11 June 1910, in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France to Daniel and Élisabeth Cousteau. He had one brother, Pierre-Antoine.
Cousteau completed his preparatory studies at the Collège Stanislas in Paris. In 1930, he entered the École Navale and graduated as a gunnery
officer. After an automobile accident cut short his career in naval aviation, Cousteau indulged his interest in the sea. The accident caused him to
break both his arms and could have even killed him. This caused Cousteau to have to change his plans in becoming a naval pilot, but it eventually
worked out because of his passion for the ocean
In Toulon, where he was serving on the Condorcet, Cousteau carried out his first underwater experiments, thanks to his friend Philippe Tailliez who in
1936 lent him some Fernez underwater goggles, predecessors of modern swimming goggles. Cousteau also belonged to the information service of the French
Navy, and was sent on missions to Shanghai and Japan (1935–1938) and in the USSR (1939).
In 1943 he became co inventor of the aqualung (among the first autonomous underwater breathing apparatus).
Diving today is what it is for pioneers like him, that developed the different technologies needed to achieve it reducing a lot the risks that it
Now, Although many know that Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space and Neil Amstrong the first to walk over the moon, Cousteau was in many
occasions along his expeditions the first human to reach extremely deep and inaccessible areas of the oceans of our planet during the years on which
his programs were aired world wide.
His way to explore undersea regions from a scientific perspective developed methods and systems that can be extrapolated to other potential scenarios
at future, like the ones of search for life in other planets. What Jacques Cousteau achieved was not very different, in his time , since he opened
for humanity an entire new world full of life, recording exhaustively almost unexplored areas of the planet, a task developed for first time with
Perhaps it was in scientific ethics where Cousteau made his greatest contribution to posterity, where it is his great legacy, since he developed
along years important protocols of how to explore new worlds and how to approach new forms of life without destroying them, respecting the delicate
balances that have given form to ecosystems never before explored by men.
Space travelers of the future might have no doubt a lot to learn from what this man did here in this planet to improve the ethical standards of
scientific exploration of new Horizons where humanity can expand its activity.
Cousteau described his underwater world research in a series of books, perhaps the most successful being his first book, The Silent World: A Story of
Undersea Discovery and Adventure, published in 1953.
Cousteau also directed films, most notably the documentary adaptation of the book, The Silent World, which won a Palme d'or at the 1956 Cannes Film
Festival. He remained the only person to win a Palme d'Or for a documentary film, until Michael Moore won the award in 2004 for Fahrenheit 9/11.
The thread is opened for discussion to all divers and sea lovers but also for scientists in general that are compelled to reflect in the life of
Jacques I. Cousteau , his great job to popularize science, to make it more accessible to millions through the massive communication media.
Thanks for your attention,
The Angel of Lightness
The peace of God to all that belong to the Light,
edit on 7/27/2016 by The angel of light because: (no reason given)
7/27/2016 by The angel of light because: (no reason given)