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The difference between 1st gen of aircraft, 2nd gen of aircraft, 3rd etc etc

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posted on Jan, 18 2005 @ 11:54 PM
how can we clasiffy if an aircraft is into 3rd generation, or into 4 generation, etc?
is there any distinct technology difference, in the material used in the aircraft, or there are some things that makes an aircraft is classified as certain generation? could you please tell me? (its more preferable with links to a site with extensive info about this)

thank you in advance. =)
ps: sorry if my grammar is sucks, im not an english spoken people.

[edit on 18-1-2005 by INA_ctive]

posted on Jan, 19 2005 @ 12:41 AM
usually its up to a nation to determine what generation it is.
i made a 'general' list here:

1 - basically all piston fighters
2 - jets. they fly in subsonic speeds. broke sound barrier on record-setting flights
3 - supersonic jets. max speed around Mach 2. known to have bad maneuverability
4 - supersonic jets. speeds Mach 2+. good maneuverability
5 - supersonic jets. highly maneuverable. have features like supercruise, and stealth of some sort
6 - same as 5th gen but can go out of atmosphere and maneuver in the space
7 - space craft with antigravity engines or some system that nullifies the effect of gravity

PS: feel free to modify my list. i made it right of top of my head

posted on Jan, 19 2005 @ 01:06 AM
heh... was just googling and found this:

First Generation Fighters (circa 1945 to 1955)

The first generation of fighters probably consists of those that appeared at the beginning of the Jet Age, starting late in World War II up through the Korean War. These planes were the first to be powered by turbojet engines, but were otherwise largely similar in capability to the older piston-engined fighter they replaced. These early jet engines were limited in thrust such that the fighters could not typically operate above the speed of sound. These first generation fighters were not often equipped with radar. Their armaments also generally consisted of older technologies like conventional guns, dumb bombs, and rockets since guided missiles were still largely experimental.

First generation fighters: MiG-15 and F-86 Sabre

Perhaps the most representative fighters of that era are the F-86 Sabre and MiG-15, the two planes that fought most fiercely over the skies of Korea. Other fighters in this generation include:

Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe
Heinkel He 162 Salamander
Messershmitt Me 162 Komet
Gloster Meteor
de Havilland Vampire
de Havilland Venom
Hawker Siddeley/Armstrong Whitworth Sea Hawk
Supermarine Attacker
Supermarine Swift
Lockheed P-80 (F-80) Shooting Star
Republic F-84 Thunderjet / Thunderstreak
North American F-86 Sabre
Northrop F-89 Scorpion
Lockheed F-94 Starfire
McDonnell FH-1 Phantom
Vought F6U Pirate
Vought F7U Cutlass
North American FJ (F-1) Fury
McDonnell F2H (F-2) Banshee
McDonnell F3H (F-3) Demon
Douglas F4D (F-6) Skyray
Grumman F9F (F-9) Panther / Cougar
Douglas F3D (F-10) Skyknight
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-15
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-17
Lavochkin La-15
Yakovlev Yak-15
Yakovlev Yak-17
Yakovlev Yak-23
Dassault Ouragan
Dassault Mystиre
Saab J21R
Saab J29
Saab Lansen
Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck

Second Generation Fighters (circa 1955 to 1960)

The factors that most epitomized fighters of the second generation were higher speed, radar, and use of the first guided air-to-air missiles. Many of these aircraft incorporated lessons learned in Korea to improve overall performance and combat effectiveness. These aircraft were the first fighters capable of maintaining supersonic speeds in level flight. Their designs also took advantage of new electronics technologies making radar small enough to be carried aboard. Similarly, advances in guided missile development allowed this new weapon to begin replacing the gun as the primary offensive weapon for the first time in fighter history.

Second generation fighters: The Century Series (F-100, F-101, F-102, F-104)

Best representing this class of fighters is the American "Century Series." Other members of the second generation include:

North American F-100 Super Sabre
McDonnell F-101 Voodoo
Convair F-102 Delta Dagger
Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
Republic F-105 Thunderchief
Convair F-106 Delta Dart
Vought F8U (F-8) Crusader
Grumman F11F (F-11) Tiger
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-19
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-21
Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11
Yakovlev Yak-25
BAC Lightning
de Havilland Sea Vixen
Gloster Javelin
Hawker Hunter
Supermarine Scimitar
Dassault Etendard
Dassault Mirage III
Saab Draken

Third Generation Fighters (circa 1960 to 1970)

Many of the fighters of the third generation were those that served in the Vietnam War, particularly in the latter stages of the conflict. Most of these planes were the first to be designed specifically as multi-purpose fighters capable of performing both air defense and ground attack missions.

Third generation fighter: F-4 Phantom II

Perhaps the best representative of this generation of fighters is the F-4 Phantom II, which entered service not only with the US Navy, Marines, and Air Force, but also with a number of foreign militaries. Other examples of third generation fighters include:

McDonnell Douglas F4H (F-4) Phantom II
Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter / Tiger II
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-23
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-25
Sukhoi Su-15
Sukhoi Su-17/20/22
Tupolev Tu-28P
Yakovlev Yak-28
British Aerospace Harrier
Dassault Mirage F.1
Dassault Super Etendard
Shenyang J-8II

Fourth Generation Fighters (circa 1970 to 1990)

The next generation continued the trend towards multi-role fighters equipped with increasingly sophisticated avionics and weapon systems. These fighters also began emphasizing maneuverability rather than speed to succeed in air-to-air combat.

Fourth generation fighters: F-16s in formation with a MiG-29

Good representatives of this class of fighter include the American F-16 and Soviet MiG-29. Other members of the fourth generation include:

Grumman F-14 Tomcat
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
McDonnell Douglas F-18 Hornet
McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-29
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-31
Sukhoi Su-27
Yakovlev Yak-38
Panavia Tornado
Dassault Mirage 2000
Saab Viggen
Mitsubishi F-2
AIDC Ching-Kuo
Chengdu J-10
Hindustan LCA

4.5 Generation Fighters (circa 1990 to 2000)

The term "4.5 generation" is also sometimes seen refering to more recent fourth generation fighters. These aircraft are generally seen as retaining the same basic characteristics of fourth generation planes but with enhanced capabilities provided by more advanced technologies that might be seen in fifth generation fighters. Good examples are the F-18 Super Hornet, Eurofighter Typhoon, and Dassault Rafale. All three make use of advanced avionics to improve mission capability and limited stealth characteristics to reduce visibility when compared to older fourth generation aircraft. However, none is considered advanced enough to be classified as a fifth generation fighter (though arguments can be made for the Typhoon and perhaps the Rafale).

4.5 generation fighters: Su-30, F-18 Super Hornet

Other members of this generation include:

Boeing F-18E/F Super Hornet
Sukhoi Su-30
Sukhoi Su-33
Sukhoi Su-35
Eurofighter Typhoon
Saab Gripen
Dassault Rafale

Fifth Generation Fighters (circa 2000 to ?)

The technologies that best epitomize fifth generation fighters are advanced integrated avionics systems that provide the pilot with a complete picture of the battlespace and the use of low observable "stealth" techniques. The F-22 and F-35 are the only fifth generation fighters developed to date, but Russia hopes that technologies being created by the Mikoyan Gurevich MFI and Sukhoi Su-47 may make them competitors in that market.

Fifth generation fighter: F-35 Joint Strike Fighter

It only seems logical to name the F-35 as the ultimate example of this generation since the Joint Strike Fighter was the original inspiration for this entire subject. Other examples include:

Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
Lockheed Martin F-35

Keep in mind that these categories are merely one opinion and are not intended to be official in any way. Also note that it is not always easy to classify a particular aircraft. The long-lived F-4 and MiG-21, for example, could fall under second, third, or fourth generation depending on which variant or upgrade is considered.

posted on Jan, 19 2005 @ 01:18 AM
wow. thank you guys.
(i actually did googling around for some time and i cant find the info. instead i found this site which i think is very interesting and decided to register
thanks again (for the quick reply too)

posted on Jan, 19 2005 @ 05:35 AM
I would guess that the Draken is a 2.5 generation aircraft as it was in service for a very long time. That can only happen if the aircraft is really good.

posted on Jan, 19 2005 @ 03:00 PM
Great post Titus! I'll vote you for way above top secret

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