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"Thereafter Elen thought to make high roads from one stronghold to another across the Island of Britain. And the roads were made. And for that reason they are called the Roads of Elen of the Hosts, because she was sprung from the Island of Britain, and the men of the Island of Britain would not have made those great hostings for any save her.
" 'Elen of the Ways' who later became conflated with Elen of the Hosts. The idea of reindeer ties in nicely with the Sarn Elen; we can imagine the tracks formed by deer as they moved between grazing lands:
"…the antlered Goddess Elen, whose trackways lead us through the frozen forest of our winter dreams"
One of my remaining geographical goddess stories for investigation was that of the River Ellen, to the west of the county. Some would have you believe that this is a direct lift from the Welsh figure, Elen, a semi-mythical woman much confused with St. Helen, who was, in legend, responsible for a network of straight roads still existing in Wales. However, it turns out that Cumbria’s Ellen is derived from the word ‘alauna’, which, according to the Romans, was the name the Britons gave to Maryport: ‘Alauna Carvetiorum’, or the Alauna of the Carvetii, the local pre-Roman native tribe.
Alauna’ is not a rare name. There’s another place anciently called Alauna in Northumberland (Learchild, or ‘Alauna Votadinum’ – the last element being a tribal name), and yet another example at Watercrook near Kendal. Alcester in Warwickshire, and its river, the Alne (and indeed other english Alnes), also derive from the same root. The River Allen and Allan Water in Scotland are the same, too
Popular 19th century theory, Ekwall’s 1928 English River Names and indeed the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica would have you believe that these Alaunas (Alaunæ?) were named after Alaunus, a ‘gaulish god of healing and prophecy’ with inscriptions found at sites in southern France and western Germany. This requires Alaunus to have changed sex when he became British
When you come, bring up well-being! May it thrive and prosper! May the words of the gods be performed in the future! As he performed for the Sun-goddess of the Netherworld, he will also perform for you
It is generally supposed that Allani firstly appeared in Mesopotamia in the Late Sumerian Period, and is of a Hurrian origin. In another ritual , performed by Ammihatna, the priest of Goddess Išhara, this goddess is concerned with Allani again. In a Hurrian literary Išhara is mentioned near Allani once again; the cultic ceremonies for Išhara and Allani were performed in a special temple;
originally posted by: pthena
I have often suspected that energy does flow through roads(long manmade highways even) just as much as rivers and mountain ranges. Where would mountain ranges fit?
originally posted by: TonyS
a reply to: Kantzveldt
I live in the remote part of the Texas outback and am attempting to research the early native American trails. That's been difficult because the remnants of the tribes, largely Lipan Apache and Comanche won't talk to anyone about much of anything.
It was long believed that the early Native American Indians used well worn Deer paths to travel through the thick underbrush. That was true, but what I've learned of late is that they used the Deer paths as connections to....well, of course Deer, but also as connections to water sources and salt licks.
But they also speak of "following the Eagle" and "the way of the Bear" and I suspect they used the easier to travel Deer paths to connect with flight lines and track lines of Bear and wild cats for various purposes.
To date, I've not been able to discover if the Native American Indians had any sense of or relationship to energy fields.
I suspect there's far more to the ancient trade and travel routes than modern science will ever understand.
many of the North American Indian Tribes see the sun as a woman. The Cherokee, for example, call her Unelanuhi who came into this world with the help of Spider Woman. There are hundreds of names for the Sun Goddess in the Native American Indian Tribes.
originally posted by: TonyS
a reply to: Kantzveldt
I'm no expert on North American Indian cosmology, but from what I've been reading, they had no concept of a Sun Goddess in the Netherworld.
But let me say that from what I've read and as an Orthodox Christian, the Native American Indian belief systems are somewhat mind boggling and near impossible to follow or understand.
To share a bit about what I've learned, I'll briefly relate the following:
1) They have a creation story...........the Eagle created man from clay and woman from a feather and then breathed life into them by flapping his wings over them.
2) They had something known as the "life way", which they studied and observed and tried to live in harmony with.
3) They speak of the "Great Mystery" which seems to involve the Mystery of why they were created and the mystery of their place in the Universe. They didn't seem to focus on questions like.......where is the Earth, what is the Sun, what are the Stars. Rather they observed these celestial bodies and familiarized themselves with their movements as though they were lucky audience of a celestial play or display of nature.
4) Spirits were in everything and everywhere and were to be honored, listened to, observed and counseled. They speak of things like the "Spirit of the Deer", the Spirit of the Eagle. So, when they hunted and slay a Deer, they honored its spirit and in eating its meat in took something of that Spirit.
5) Earth is "Mother" of Mankind.
6) The Great Spirit is Creator.
7) Each animal and man as well participated in and possessed a "Spirit Vibration" which, when conformed to the 4 Directions, (North, South, East and West) could be tuned in and up to various power attributes of the directions.
I'm not sure what to make of any of this. It seems everything was based upon nature and harmony with nature or where there was lack of harmony, then there was a "disturbance in the force", (or Spirit) which cast a pall over the land causing creatures to depart for more harmonious realms.
The idea came from a book of Pseudo history written in 1969, up until that point ley lines were just roads linking ancient sites with no mystical powers required...
In a book called The View Over Atlantis (1969), the writer John Michell revived the term "ley lines", associating it with spiritual and mystical theories about alignments of land forms, drawing on the Chinese concept of feng shui. He believed that a mystical network of ley lines existed across Britain.